Influence of Vehicle Inspection Tests on Crashworthiness of School Bus in Nairobi County, Kenya

Authors

  • Bosire Thomas M PhD Student, Department of Technology Education, University of Eldoret, KENYA
  • Dr Eng. Herbert Dimo Senior Lecturer, Department of Technology Education, University of Eldoret, KENYA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.5.16

Keywords:

Vehicle, Inspection, Tests, Crashworthiness, Bus

Abstract

The vehicle structure, designs and materials on school bus body crashworthiness as regulated by different government agencies in bus body building firms was the topic under research study. In Kenya, thousands of vehicles are involved in vehicle collisions or crashes every year resulting in fatal accidents and severe injuries to the passengers. The specific objective was the influence of vehicle inspection testson crashworthiness of school bus in Nairobi City County. This study adopted Dym’s, Suh’s Axiomatic theory. The pragmatic paradigm and explanatory research design were used. The target population was 1500 respondents from bus body building firms and government regulatory institutions. The sample size was 315 respondents. Questionnaires,
interview schedules and observation were data collection instruments. Expert judgment was used to establish validity of
the questionnaires. Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient was used to determine the reliability of the research instrument. The data
collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential analysis with the aid of SPSS V22 software. The coefficient of
determination (R squared) of .206 showing that 20.6% of the variation in crashworthiness of a bus can be explained by
vehicle inspection tests. There was a positive significant influence of vehicle inspection tests on crashworthiness of a
bus (β=0.396 and p <0.05). The study concluded that the vehicle inspection tests had a significant influence on the
crashworthiness of school bus. The management of school bus body construction companies need to conduct all the terminal
test needed before releasing the vehicle in order to enhance crashworthiness of a bus. The Transport authority should
examine and check the mandatory requirements and periodically amend them in accordance with the safety, engineering and ecological standardization.

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Published

2019-10-31

How to Cite

Bosire Thomas M, & Dr Eng. Herbert Dimo. (2019). Influence of Vehicle Inspection Tests on Crashworthiness of School Bus in Nairobi County, Kenya. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 9(5), 112–121. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.5.16