Integrated Energy Management of Residential Halls at University of Dhaka by Using Energy Efficient Appliances and Solar PV System

  • Md. Tahmid Farhan Himel
  • Ahnaf Tahmid Nahian
Keywords: Energy Audit, Solar Photovoltaic, Carbon Emission

Abstract

This paper analyses the electrical energy consumption of two residential halls at University of Dhaka and design the best approach to diminish the electrical energy consumption and reduce the carbon emission and achieve efficient energy utilization in the halls. Fazlul Haque Muslim Hall and Dr. Mohammad Sahidullah Hall were selected for a detailed study of electricity consumption. Series of data were taken to estimate the electrical energy consumption and the electrical energy losses across different loads. Afterwards with the results of electrical usage, an energy stability was made by considering the energy efficient electrical appliances along with a solar photovoltaic system to reduce the electrical energy wastage and reduce the carbon emission to maintain the environment clean. Overall energy losses can be minimized up to 40% and 41% at Fazlul Haque Muslim Hall and Dr. Mohammad Sahidullah Hall respectively with new energy efficient devices. A total of 43% and 44% energy consumption can be reduced at Fazlul Haque Muslim Hall and Dr. Mohammad Sahidullah Hall with the proposed new energy management system that implies to utilize solar energy using solar photovoltaic. The emission of carbon reduction estimate was about 302 tons and 290 tons of CO2 at Fazlul Haque Muslim Hall and Dr. Mohammad Sahidullah Hall respectively. The payback period of the investment to replace the electrical appliances with energy efficient appliances and to install a solar photovoltaic system is 2.45 years.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bangladesh power development board. Available at: http://www.bpdb.gov.bd/bpdb/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=150&Itemid=16.

Bangladesh power development board. Available at: http://www.bpdb.gov.bd/bpdb/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12&Itemid=126.

M. S. H. Lipu, M. S. Uddin, & M. A. R. Miah. (2013). A feasibility study of solar-wind-diesel hybrid system in rural and remote areas of Bangladesh. International Journal of Renew Energy Research, 3(4), 892–900.

B. Van der Zwaan & A. Rabl. (2003). Prospects for PV: a learning curve analysis. Solar Energy, 74(1), 19–31.

S. Islam & A.-U. Huda. (1999). Technical note proper utilization of solar energy in Bangladesh: Effect on the environment, food supply and the standard of living. Renew Energy, 17(2), 255–263.

M. H. Kabir, W. Endlicher, & J. Jägermeyr. (2010). Calculation of bright roof-tops for solar PV applications in Dhaka Megacity, Bangladesh. Renew Energy, 35(8), 1760–1764.

B. Sørensen. (2001). GIS management of solar resource data. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 67(1), 503–509.

M. A. H. Mondal & M. Denich. (2010). Assessment of renewable energy resources potential for electricity generation in Bangladesh. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14(8), 2401–2413.

P. Leslie, J. Pearce, R. Harrap & S. Daniel. (2012). The application of smartphone technology to economic and environmental analysis of building energy conservation strategies. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 31(5), 295-311. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_audit#History.

Mahedi Hassan, Nahid Hassan, Md. Murad Miah, Farzana Akter Sohaly, Iffat Arefa, & Zahid Hasan Mahmood. (2015). Energy auditing: necessity for energy management system. Department of Applied Physics, Electronics and Communication Engineering, University of Dhaka. Available at: https://www2.kuet.ac.bd/icmiee2014/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/ICMIEE-PI-140379.pdf.

S.I. Khan. (2013). Energy efficient lighting. Short Course on Energy Efficiency, 1-5.

Baechler, M. (2011, September 25). A guide to energy audits. Retrieved on July 7, 2015, from http://www.pnnl.gov/main/publications/external/technical_reports/pnnl-20956.pdf.

Electricity sector in Bangladesh. (2015). Retrieved July 7, 2015, from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electricity_sector_in_Bangladesh .

Muhyaddin J. H. Rawa & David W. P. Thomas. (2015). Factors affecting the harmonics generated by a group of CFLs: Experimental measurements. American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 4(1), 10-16. Doi: 10.11648/j.epes.20150401.12

Lam, J.C.W. & Jain, P.K. (2010). A high-power-factor single-stage single-switch electronic ballast for compact fluorescent lamps. Power Electronics, 25(8), 2045-2058.

T. M. I. Mahlia, H. A. Razak, & M. A. Nursahida. (2011). Lifecycle cost analysis and payback period of lighting retrofit at the University of Malaya. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(2), 1125–1132.

J. Di Stefano. (2000). Energy efficiency and the environment: the potential for energy efficient lighting to save energy and reduce carbon dioxide emissions at Melbourne University, Australia. Energy, 25(9), 823–839.

Ganandran, G. S. B. et al. (2014). Cost-benefit analysis and emission reduction of energy efficient lighting at the University Tenaga National. The Scientific World Journal, 1-11.

Muhamad, Wan Norsyafizan W. et al. (2010). Energy efficient lighting system design for building. International Conference on Intelligent Systems, Modelling and Simulation, 1-5.

C. M. Duarte & I. Barbi. (2002). An improved family of ZVS-PWM active clamping DC-to-DC converters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 17(1), 684–691.

Bailey, H. (2014, August). What to look for when buying a ceiling fan. Retrieved from: https://www.saveonenergy.com/energy-saving-tips/what-to-look-for-when-buying-a-ceiling-fan/

Shah, N., Sathaye, N., Phadke, A., & Letschert, V. (2013). Costs and benefits of energy efficiency improvement in ceiling fans. Retrieved from: http://www.superefficient.org/Resources/~/media/Files/EEDAL%20Papers%20- %202013/032_Shah_finalpaper_EEDAL13.pdf

Sathaya, N., Phadke, A., Shah, N., & Letschert, V. (2012). Potential Global Benefits of Improved Ceiling Fan Energy Efficiency. Available at: https://eta.lbl.gov/sites/all/files/publications/lbnl.5980e.pdf.

M. Z. You ssef & P. K. Jain. (2006). A novel single stage AC–DC self-oscillating series-parallel resonant converter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 21(6), 1735-1744.

Technology roadmap energy efficiency building envelopes. (2013). Available at: www.iea.org, pp. 7-14.

http://dev.magerodesign.com/asialeds/resource/bangladesh-grid-emissions-factors/.

Published
2019-02-28
How to Cite
Md. Tahmid Farhan Himel, & Ahnaf Tahmid Nahian. (2019). Integrated Energy Management of Residential Halls at University of Dhaka by Using Energy Efficient Appliances and Solar PV System. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 9(1), 87-100. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.9.1.7

Most read articles by the same author(s)