Conclusive Review on Adaptive Headlight System for Four-Wheeler Frontlight using Stepper Motor

  • Onkar Deshpande
  • Amar Kekare
  • Sunil Waghmare
  • Varun Bukka
Keywords: Adaptive Front Lighting System (AFS), Conventional Light System, Steering Angle, Sensing Distance


Major road mishaps occur at night on account of curve roads and glare caused from the headlights of incoming vehicles. Night time driving with conventional headlamps is particularly unsafe: only 25% of the driving is done at night but 55% of the driving accidents occur during this period.  The existing conventional light system does not provide illumination in the right direction and at the precise angle. Due to this constrain, a need to understand an alternative technology solution.  Adaptive front lighting system (AFS) helps improve driver’s visibility at night time hence achieving enhance safety. The objective of this work is to design and build an AFS Prototype. From the results, it is concluded that the headlamp swings in horizontal direction by sensing steering angle and vertical by sensing distance between subject vehicle and next vehicle.  Accuracy, reliability and availability of the components were few considerations during the conceptualization stage.


Download data is not yet available.


C. Falcon. (2007). Stepper motors assist adaptive headlights. Available at:

C.K. Chan, K.W.E. Cheng, & S.L.Ho. (2006). Development of packaging and Electrical Interfacing for Electrical Vehicles. IEEE, 2nd International Conference on Power Electronics Systems and Applications, Hong Kong, China . Available at:

Dr. Joachim Damasky & Dr. Arn Hosemann. (1998). The influence of the light distribution of headlamps on drivers fixation behaviour at nighttime 980319. SAE International. Available at:

Vaishali D. Todkar, Mrs. M.R. Bachut. (2016). Adaptive front light system. International Journal of Advanced Research, 4(5), 907-913.

A. Ekrias, M. Eloholma, & L. Halonen. (2008). The contribution of vehicle headlights to visibility of targets in road lighting environments. International Review of Electrical Engineering, 3(1), 208. Available at:

Priyanka M Dubal & Dr. Alam N. Shaikh. (2018). Adaptive head-light system for vehicle. International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering, 5(2), 44-47.

H. Hogrefe. (2000). Adaptive frontlighting systems for optimum illumination of curved roads, highway lanes and other driving situations. SAE International, 109(7), 196-201. Available at:

How to Cite
Onkar Deshpande, Amar Kekare, Sunil Waghmare, & Varun Bukka. (2018). Conclusive Review on Adaptive Headlight System for Four-Wheeler Frontlight using Stepper Motor. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 8(4), 90-94.