Recent Development on Treatment of Crude Oil Contaminated Water Using Agricultural Waste – A Review

Keywords: Crude Oil, Contaminated Water, Agricultural Wastes


Crude oil recovery processes generate large volumes of crude oil-contaminated water. Crude oil-contaminated water was noted to contain hydrocarbons (including saturates and aromatics) as well as non-hydrocarbons. Some hydrocarbons in the contaminated water are found to be carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and genotoxic to humans and other organisms. Thus, the exposure of human being and other organism like fishes in the marine environment to these hydrocarbons through skin contact to such contaminated water or consumption of contaminated food and water may be very dangerous. The remediation of such oil contaminated water has become a crucial problem in oil producing countries and requires more drastic attention. Several technologies have been deployed at solving this problem. Utilization of agricultural wastes as adsorbents has however, been found to be more attractive to researches due to its environmental friendly tendencies and economic viability. This paper reviewed the attempt of researchers at addressing this problem by using agricultural wastes like banana peel, rice husk, etc as sorbent for removal of the oil from the crude oil-contaminated water. It was observed that agricultural wastes compete favourably with synthetic adsorbents in oil removal from crude oil contaminated water. Though many agricultural products have been investigated, there are some like plantain peel, papaya peel and water melon rind that need to be considered for this treatment.


Download data is not yet available.


Afzal M., Rehman K., Shabir1 G., Tahseen R., Ijaz A., Hashmat A. J., & Brix H. (2019). Large-scale remediation of oil-contaminated water using floating treatment wetlands. NPJ Clean Water, 2019(3), 1-10.

Aktas O. & Cecen F. (2007). Adsorption, desorption and bioregeneration in the treatment of 2-chlorophenol with activated carbon. J. Hazard. Mater, 141, 769–777. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.050.

Alaa El-Din G., Amer A. A., Malsh G., & Hussein M. (2017). Study on the use of banana peels for oil spil remova. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.aej.2017.05.020.

Aliyu U. M., El-Nafaty U.A., & Muhammad I.M. (2015). Oil removal from crude oil polluted water using banana peel as sorbent in a packed column. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 5(2), 157-162.

Behnood R., Anvaripour B., Fard N. J. H., & Farasati M. (2014). Crude oil layer sorption from saline water surface by raw and acetylated sugarcane bagasse. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 26(3), 1157–1161.

Chai W., Liu X., Zou J., Zhang X., Li B., & Yin T. (2015). Pomelo peel modified with acetic anhydride and styrene as new sorbents for removal of oil pollution. Carbohyd. Polym., 132, 245 -251.

Coelho, A., Castro, A. V., Dezotti, M., & Sant’Anna, G. L. (2006). Treatment of petroleum refinery sourwater by advanced oxidation processes. J. Hazard. Mater., 137, 178–184.

Dave, B. P., Ghevariya, C. M., Bhatt, J. K., Dudhagara, D. R., & Rajpara, R. K. (2014). Enhanced biodegradation of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (TPAHs) by marine halotolerant Achromobacter xylosoxidans using Triton X-100 and β- cyclodextrin—A microcosm approach. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 79, 123–129.

Diya’uddeen, B. H., Daud, W. M. A. W., & Aziz, A. A. (2011). Treatment technologies for petroleum refinery effluents. Process Saf. Environ., 89, 95–105.

El-Nafaty, U., Muhammad, I., & Abdulsalam, S. (2013). Biosorption and Kinetic Studies on Oil Removal from Produced Water Using Banana Peel. Civil and Environmental Research (IITE), 3(7), 125-135.

Husin, N. I., Wahab, N. A. A., Isa, N., & Boudville, R. (2011). Sorption Equilibrium and Kinetics of Oil from Aqueous Solution Using Banana Pseudostem Fibers. Singapore, S.N.

Husseien M., Amer A.A., El-Maghraby Azza, & Hamedallah Neama (2009a). A comprehensive characterization of corn stalk and study of carbonized corn stalk in dye and gas oil sorption. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., 86, 360–363.

Husseien M., Amer A.A., El-Maghraby A., & Taha N.A. (2009b). Availability of barley straw application on oil spill cleanup. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 6(1), 123–130.

Ibrahim S., Ha-Ming Ang H., & Wang S. (2009). Removal of emulsified food and mineral oils from wastewater using surfactant modified barley straw. Biores. Technol., 100, 5744–5749.

Ibrahim, S., Wang, S., & Ang, H. M. (2010). Removal of emulsified oil from oily wastewater using agricultural waste barley straw. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 49, 78-83.

Kudaybergenov Kenes, Ongarbayev Yerdos, Mansurov Zulkhair, & Doszhanov Yerlan (2012). Study on the effectiveness of thermally treated rice husks for petroleum adsorption. J. Non- Cryst. Solids, 358, 2964–2969.

Kumagai, S., Noguchi, Y., Kurimoto, Y., & Takeda, K. (2007). Oil adsorbent produced by the carbonization of rice husks. Waste Management, 27, 554-561.

Muhammad, I. M., El-Nafaty, U. A., Abdulsalam, S., & Makarfi, Y. I. (2012). Removal of Oil from Oil Produced Water Using Eggshell. Civil and Environmental Research (IISTE), 2(8), 52-63.

Okiel, K., El-Sayed, M., & El-Kady, M. (2011). Treatment of oil–water emulsions by adsorption onto activated carbon, bentonite and deposited carbon. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 20, 9-15.

Olufemi B.A. & Otolorin F. (2017). Comparative adsorption of crude oil using mango (Mangnifera indica) shell and mango shell activated carbon. Environmental Engineering Research, 22(4), 384-392. DOI:

Sathasivam, K. & Haris, M. R. H. M. (2010). Adsorption Kinetics and Capacity of Fatty Acid-Modified Banana Trunk Fibers for Oil in Water. Water Air Soil Pollut., 213, 413-423.

Sidiras D., Batzias F., Konstantinou I., & Tsapatsisb M. (2014). Simulation of auto-hydrolysis effect on adsorptivity of wheat straw in the case of oil spill cleaning. Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 1–11.

Srinivasan A. & Viraraghavan T. (2008) Removal of oil by walnut shell media. Bioresourse Technology, 99, 8217-8220.

Strubinger, A., Ehrmann, U., León, V., DeSisto, A., & González, M. (2015). Changes in Venezuelan Orinoco belt crude after different biotechnological approaches. J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 127, 421–432.

Sun XF, Sun R, & Sun JX. (2002). Acetylation of rice straw for oil sorption; with or without catalysts. J. Agric. Food Chem., 50, 6428-6433.

Vlaev, L., Petkov, P., Dimitrov, A., & Genieva, S. (2011). Cleanup of water polluted with crude oil or diesel fuel using rice husks ash. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 42, 957-964.

Zou J., Liu X., Chai W., Zhang X., Li B., Wang Y., & Ma Y. (2014). Sorption of oil from simulated seawater by fatty acid modified pomelo peel, desalination and water treatment. Taylor & Francis, 2014, 1-6.

How to Cite
AKINYEMI O. P. (2020). Recent Development on Treatment of Crude Oil Contaminated Water Using Agricultural Waste – A Review. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 10(3), 89-92.