The Role of the Internet of Things in Health Care: A Systematic and Comprehensive Study

  • Navod Neranjan Thilakarathne
  • Mohan Krishna Kagita
  • Dr. Thippa Reddy Gadekallu
Keywords: Internet of Things, IoT, Medical Internet of Things, MIoT, eHealth, mHelath


The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming an emerging trend and has significant potential to replace other technologies, where researchers consider it as the future of the internet. It has given tremendous support and become the building blocks in the development of important cyber-physical systems and it is being severed in a variety of application domains, including healthcare. A methodological evolution of the Internet of Things, enabled it to extend to the physical world beyond the electronic world by connecting miscellaneous devices through the internet, thus making everything is connected. In recent years it has gained higher attention for its potential to alleviate the strain on the healthcare sector caused by the rising and aging population along with the increase in chronic diseases and global pandemics. This paper surveys about various usages of IoT healthcare technologies and reviews the state of the art services and applications, recent trends in IoT based healthcare solutions, and various challenges posed including security and privacy issues, which researchers, service providers and end users need to pay higher attention. Further, this paper discusses how innovative IoT enabled technologies like cloud computing, fog computing, blockchain, and big data can be used to leverage modern healthcare facilities and mitigate the burden on healthcare resources.


Download data is not yet available.


W Sun, Z Cai, Y Li, F Liu, S Fang, & G Wang. (2018). Security and privacy in the medical internet of things: A review. Available at:

A Dridi, S Sassi, & S Faiz. (2017). Towards a semantic medical internet of things. In: IEEE/ACS 14th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA). Available at:

N Bui & M Zorzi. (2011). Health care applications. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies - ISABEL '11. Available at:

W Zhao, C Wang, & Y Nakahira. (2011). Medical application on internet of things. IET International Conference on Communication Technology and Application. Available at:

R K Kodali, G Swamy, & B Lakshmi. (2015). An implementation of IoT for healthcare. In: IEEE Recent Advances in Intelligent Computational Systems (RAICS).

S B Baker, W Xiang, & I Atkinson. (2017). Internet of things for smart healthcare: Technologies, challenges, and opportunities. Available at:

L Margarida R Tarouco et al. (2012). Internet of things in healthcare: Interoperatibility and security issues. IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). Available at:

F Hu, D Xie, & S Shen. (2013). On the application of the internet of things in the field of medical and health care. IEEE International Conference on Green Computing and Communications and IEEE Internet of Things and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing. Available at:

L Catarinucci et al. (2015). An IoT-Aware architecture for smart healthcare systems. IEEE Internet of Things Journal 2(6), 515–526. DOI:

A Dohr, R Modre-Opsrian, M Drobics, D Hayn, & G Schreier. (2010). The internet of things for ambient assisted living. Seventh International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations. DOI:

Christin, Delphine, A Reinhardt, P S Mogre, & R Steinmetz. (2016). Wireless sensor networks and the internet of things: selected challenges. Proceedings of the 8th GI/ITG KuVS Fachgespräch Drahtlose Sensornetze.

K Yeh. (2016). A secure iot-based healthcare system with body sensor networks. Available at:

R Mahmud, F L Koch, & R Buyya. (2018). Cloud-fog interoperability in iot-enabled healthcare solutions. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Networking. Available at:

A Kumari, S Tanwar, S Tyagi, & N Kumar. (1018). Fog computing for Healthcare 4.0 environment: Opportunities and challenges. Computers; Electrical Engineering 72. Available at:

N N Thilakarathne. (2020). Security and privacy issues in iot environment. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 10(1), 26–29. DOI:

The Internet of Things for Health Care: A Comprehensive Survey. Available at:

Kulkarni, Alok & S Sathe. (2014). Healthcare applications of the Internet of Things: A review. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Technologies, 5(5), 6229-6232.

F Fernandez & G Pallis. (2014). Opportunities and challenges of the Internet of Things for healthcare. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare - "Transforming healthcare through innovations in mobile and wireless technologies”. Available at:

Reports & data. (2020). Available at:

Elija Perrier. (2020). Positive disruption: Healthcare, ageing and participation in the age of technology. Available at:

G Paré, K Moqadem, G Pineau, & C St-Hilaire. (2010). Clinical effects of home telemonitoring in the context of diabetes, asthma, heart failure and hypertension: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12(2). Available at:

Internet of things in healthcare: applications, benefits, and challenges. (2020). Available at:

Econsultancy. (2019). 10 examples of the internet of things in healthcare, Available at:

IOT. (2020). IoT in healthcare industry: IoT applications in healthcare. Available at:

Aniket. (2020). The role of IoT in healthcare: Applications implementation. Available at:, accessed June 2020.

Softweb Solutions Nile Lars. (2015). Connected medical devices, apps: are they leading the IoT revolution - or vice versa, Available at:

All Answers Ltd. (2020). Healthcare applications of internet of things. Available at:

IoT. Business News. (2020). IoT news - IoT technology can alleviate healthcare strain during Covid-19. Available at:

Technology Networks. (2020). Using the internet of things to fight virus outbreaks. Available at:

Rajput, D Singh, and R Gour. An IoT framework for healthcare monitoring systems. International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security 14, no. 5. 2016.

WattsUpDoc: Power Side Channels to Nonintrusively Discover Untargeted Malware on Embedded Medical Devices. (2020). Available at:

Sangpetch & A Sangpetch. (2016). Security context framework for distributed healthcare iot platform. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare. 71–76.


S Tyagi, A Agarwal, & P Maheshwari. (2016). A conceptual framework for IoT-based healthcare system using cloud computing. In: 6th International Conference - Cloud System and Big Data Engineering (Confluence). DOI:

Available at:, accessed June 2020.

M Hassanalieragh et al. (2015). Health monitoring and management using internet-of-things (IoT) sensing with cloud-based processing: Opportunities and challenges. IEEE International Conference on Services Computing. DOI:

P Gope & T Hwang. (2016). BSN-care: A secure IoT-based modern healthcare system using body sensor network. IEEE Sensors Journal 16(5), 1368–1376. DOI:

G Sebestyen, A Hangan, S Oniga, & Z Gal. (2014). eHealth solutions in the context of Internet of Things. IEEE International Conference on Automation, Quality and Testing, Robotics. DOI:

J Mohammed, C Lung, A Ocneanu, A Thakral, C Jones, & A Adler. (2014). Internet of things: Remote patient monitoring using web services and cloud computing. IEEE International Conference on Internet of Things (iThings), and IEEE Green Computing and Communications (GreenCom) and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing (CPSCom). DOI:

D V Dimitrov. (2016). Medical internet of things and big data in healthcare. Healthcare Informatics Research, 22(3). DOI:

M Elhoseny, G Ramirez-Gonzalez, O M Abu-Elnasr, S A Shawkat, N Arunkumar, & A Farouk. (2018). Secure medical data transmission model for IoT-based healthcare systems. IEEE Access 6, 20596–20608. DOI:

N Nanayakkara, M Halgamuge, & A Syed. (2019). Security and privacy of internet of medical things (IoMT) based healthcare applications: A review. Available at:

Anass Rghioui, Aziza L'aarje, Fatiha Elouaai, & Mohammed Bouhorma. (2014). The internet of things for healthcare monitoring: security review and proposed solution. Available at:

K R Darshan & K R Anandakumar. (2015). A comprehensive review on usage of Internet of Things (IoT) in healthcare system. International Conference on Emerging Research in Electronics, Computer Science and Technology (ICERECT). DOI:

Y YIN, Y Zeng, X Chen, & Y Fan. (2016). The internet of things in healthcare: An overview. Available at:

B Xu, L Da Xu, H Cai, C Xie, J Hu, & F Bu. (2014). Ubiquitous data accessing method in IoT-based information system for emergency medical services. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(2), 1578–1586. DOI:

U. Satija, B. Ramkumar & M. Sabarimalai Manikandan. (2017). Real-time signal quality-aware ECG telemetry system for IoT-based health care monitoring. In: IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 4(3), 815-823. DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2017.2670022.

A A Mutlag, M Khanapi Abd Ghani, N Arunkumar, M Abed Mohammed, & O Mohd. (2019). Enabling technologies for fog computing in healthcare IoT systems. Future Generation Computer Systems 90, 62–78. DOI:

M Bhatia & S K Sood. (2018). An intelligent framework for workouts in gymnasium: M-Health perspective. Computers Electrical Engineering 65, 292–309. DOI:

A J Jara, F J Belchi, A F Alcolea, J Santa, M A Zamora-Izquierdo, & A F. (2019). Gomez-Skarmeta. A pharmaceutical intelligent information system to detect allergies and adverse drugs reactions based on internet of things. 8th IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PERCOM Workshops). DOI:

Digital Health Tech – eHealth Information Management. (2019). Available at:

Review on security of Wireless Body Area Sensor Network. (2019). Available at:

ATT Medical Imaging Information Management. (2019). Available at:

A Greenberg & K Zetter. (2017). How the internet of things got hacked. Available at:

Center for Devices and Radiological Health. (2019). Cybersecurity, Available at:

Ransomware: See the 14 hospitals attacked so far in 2016. (2016). Available at:

Takács, Barnabás, & D Hanák. (2007). A mobile system for assisted living with ambient facial interfaces. IADIS Int. J. Comput. Sci. Inf. Syst, 33-50.

Withings Wireless Blood Pressure Monitor - IoT - Internet of Things. (2019). Available at:, accessed June 2020.

F Lamonaca et al. (2019). An overview on internet of medical things in blood pressure monitoring. IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA). DOI:

S Hameed, F Idris Khan, & B Hameed. (2019). Understanding security requirements and challenges in internet of things (IoT): A review. Journal of Computer Networks and Communications, 1–14. DOI:

L Phuoc Son, N Thi Anh Thu, & N Trung Kien. (2017). Design an IoT wrist-device for SpO2 measurement. International Conference on Advanced Technologies for Communications (ATC). DOI:

Y Jie Fan, Y Hong Yin, L Da Xu, Y Zeng, & F Wu. (2014). IoT-based smart rehabilitation system. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, 10(2), 1568–1577. DOI:

R Jayswal, R Gupta, & K K Gupta. (2017). Patient health monitoring system based on Internet of Things. Fourth International Conference on Image Information Processing (ICIIP). DOI:

Farooq, M Umar, M Waseem, S Mazhar, A Khairi, & T Kamal. (2015). A review on internet of things (IoT). International Journal of Comp. Applications 113(1), 1-7.

J Lin, W Yu, N Zhang, X Yang, H Zhang, & W Zhao. (2017). A survey on internet of things: Architecture, enabling technologies, security and privacy, and applications. IEEE Internet of Things Journal 4(5), 1125–1142. DOI:

A Al-Fuqaha, M Guizani, M Mohammadi, M Aledhari, & M Ayyash. (2015). Internet of things: A survey on enabling technologies, protocols, and applications. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 17(4), 2347–2376. DOI:

J Henrik Ziegeldorf, O Garcia Morchon, & K Wehrle. (2013). Privacy in the internet of things: Threats and challenges. Security and Communication Networks 7(12), 2728–2742. DOI:

F Ayotunde Alaba, M Othman, I Abaker Targio Hashem, & F Alotaibi. (2017). Internet of things security: A survey. Available at:

C A Silva, G S Aquino, S R M Melo, & D J.B. Egídio. (2019). A fog computing-based architecture for medical records management. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing.

D Minoli, K Sohraby, & B Occhiogrosso. (2017). IoT Security (IoTSec) mechanisms for e-Health and ambient assisted living applications. IEEE/ACM International Conference on Connected Health: Applications, Systems and Engineering Technologies (CHASE). DOI:

D V Dimitrov. (2019). Blockchain applications for healthcare data management. Healthcare Informatics Research 25(1). Available at:

T Kumar, V Ramani, I Ahmad, A Braeken, E Harjula, & M Ylianttila. (2018). Blockchain utilization in healthcare: Key requirements and challenges. IEEE 20th International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services (Healthcom). DOI:

L Rajabion, A Abdulla Shaltooki, M Taghikhah, A Ghasemi, & A Badfar. (2019). Healthcare big data processing mechanisms: The role of cloud computing. International Journal of Information Management, 49, 271–289. DOI:

Cloud-Based IoT Healthcare Applications: Requirements and Recommendations. (2019). Available at:

The Internet of Things in Healthcare: Potential Applications and Challenges. (2019). Available at:

C Li, X Hu, & L Zhang. (2017). The IoT-based heart disease monitoring system for pervasive healthcare service. Procedia Computer Science, 112, 2328–2334. DOI:

Health Care Professionals: Uses and Benefits. (2019). Available at:

A S Mohammad Mosa, I Yoo, & L Sheets. (2012). A systematic review of healthcare applications for smartphones. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 12(1). DOI:

G J Joyia, R M Liaqat, A Farooq, & S Rehman. (2017). Internet of Medical Things (IOMT): Applications, benefits and future challenges in healthcare domain. Journal of Communications. DOI:

Internet of Things (IoT) in Healthcare Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Component (Devices, Software, and Services), By Software (Remote Device Management, Data Analytics, Compliances & Security, Asset Performance Management, Others), By Application (Telemedicine, Patient Monitoring, Operations and Workflow Management, Remote Scanning, Sample Management), By End-use (Laboratory Research, Hospitals, Clinics) and Regional Forecast, 2019-2026. Available at:, accessed June 2020.

IoT in Healthcare Expectations for 2020. (2019). Available at:

V Osetskyi. (2019). IoT in healthcare: Use cases, trends, advantages, and disadvantages - DZone IoT. Available at:

J Kaplan. (2018). Application and challenges of IoT in healthcare. Available at:, accessed June 2020.

Kayla Matthews. (2020). 5 challenges facing health care IoT in 2019. Available at:

Reddy, G.T., Kaluri, R., Reddy, P.K., Lakshmanna, K., Koppu, S., & Rajput, D.S. (2019 Feb). A novel approach for home surveillance system using IoT adaptive security. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Sustainable Computing in Science, Technology and Management (SUSCOM), Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur-India.

Maddikunta, P.K.R., Hakak, S., Alazab, M., Bhattacharya, S., Gadekallu, T.R., Khan, W.Z., & Pham, Q.V. (2020). Unmanned aerial vehicles in smart agriculture: Applications, requirements and challenges. arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.12874.

How to Cite
Navod Neranjan Thilakarathne, Mohan Krishna Kagita, & Dr. Thippa Reddy Gadekallu. (2020). The Role of the Internet of Things in Health Care: A Systematic and Comprehensive Study. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 10(4), 145-159.