Landslide Susceptibility Assessment Using Modified Frequency Ratio Model in Kaski District, Nepal

  • Niraj Baral Student, Civil Engineering Department, Institute of Engineering Pulchowk Campus / Tribhuvan University, NEPAL
  • Akhilesh Kumar Karna Visiting Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, Institute of Engineering Pulchowk Campus / Tribhuvan University, NEPAL
  • Suraj Gautam Researcher, Natural Hazards, Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction, NEPAL
Keywords: Frequency Ratio, Kaski, Landslides, Susceptibility


Landslides are the most common natural hazards in Nepal especially in the mountainous terrain. The existing topographical scenario, complex geological settings followed by the heavy rainfall in monsoon has contributed to a large number of landslide events in the Kaski district. In this study, landslide susceptibility was modeled with the consideration of twelve conditioning factors to landslides like slope, aspect, elevation, Curvature, geology, land-use, soil type, precipitation, road proximity, drainage proximity, and thrust proximity. A Google-earth-based landslide inventory map of 637 landslide locations was prepared using data from Disinventar, reports, and satellite image interpretation and was randomly subdivided into a training set (70%) with 446 Points and a test set with 191 points (30%). The relationship among the landslides and the conditioning factors were statistically evaluated through the use of Modified Frequency ratio analysis. The results from the analysis gave the highest Prediction rate (PR) of 6.77 for elevation followed by PR of 66.45 for geology and PR of 6.38 for the landcover. The analysis was then validated by calculating the Area Under a Curve (AUC) and the prediction rate was found to be 68.87%. The developed landslide susceptibility map is helpful for the locals and authorities in planning and applying different intervention measures in the Kaski District.


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Author Biography

Suraj Gautam, Researcher, Natural Hazards, Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction, NEPAL



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How to Cite
Niraj Baral, Akhilesh Kumar Karna, & Suraj Gautam. (2021). Landslide Susceptibility Assessment Using Modified Frequency Ratio Model in Kaski District, Nepal. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 11(1), 167-177.