Inspire Intrapreneurship through Management Support - The New Competitive Edge
In the contemporary business world, innovation is more critical than ever. Unlike before, every organization is aware of the significance of innovation in gaining and sustaining competitive advantage over rivals. However, organizations can be more innovative just by triggering and uplifting the intrapreneurial spirit of the employees with the management support. But currently the policies, structures and systems which are developed by the management of the organization tend to isolate innovative and creative employees by demoralizing them from sharing valuable novel insights. There are certain instances where the management agrees with the new idea but later on they encourage employees to continue their work in the traditional way as they are reluctant to move away from their comfort zones. However, there is scant number of evidences from Sri Lankan context. Therefore, the objective of the study is to assess the impact of management support on intrapreneurship with special reference to apparel industry in Sri Lanka. With a standard questionnaire, responses were obtained from 240 non-executive employees from three leading apparel sector organizations in Sri Lanka. Results of regression analysis proved that managerial support significantly impacts on intrapreneurship and as a percentage it is 53.2%. Even in reality, intrapreneurs cannot recognize, nurture or inspire without the support of the management. Hence, management of the organization needs to create a better atmosphere not just to create intrapreneurs but also to recognize and encourage such intrapreneurial employees at workplace.
Abeysekara, N. (2020). Creative economy, Covid 19 and paradigm shift in Sri Lankan economy. Available at: https://www.msn.com/en-xl/news/other/creative-economy-covid-19-and-paradigm-shift-in-sri-lankan-economy/ar-BB122Ch6.
Ahmad, N., Nasurdin, A., & Zainal, S. (2012). Nurturing intrapreneurship to enhance job performance: The role of pro-intrapreneurship organizational architecture. Journal of Innovation Management in Small and Medium Enterprise, 1–9.
Allee, V. (2000). The value evolution: addressing larger implications of an intellectual capital and intangibles perspective. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 1(1), 17–32.
Amo, B.W. & Kolvereid, L. (2005). Organizational strategy, individual personality and innovation behavior. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 13(1), 7–19.
Antoncic, B. & Hisrich, R.D., 2003. Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 10(1), 7–24.
Antoncic, B. & Hisrich, R.D. (2004). Corporate entrepreneurship contingencies and organizational wealth creation. Journal of Management Development, 23(6), 518-550.
Antoncic, B. (2007). Intrapreneurship: A comparative structural equation modeling study. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 107(3), 309–325.
Batson, V.D. & Yoder, L.H. (2012). Managerial coaching: A concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(7), 1658-1669.
Block, Z. & Macmillan, C. (2003). Corporate venturing. Boston, MA: Beard Books
Chandler, G.N., Keller, C. & Lyon, D.W. (2000). Unraveling the determinants and consequences of an innovation-supportive organizational culture. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(1), 59–76.
De Villiers‐Scheepers, M.J. (2012). Antecedents of strategic corporate entrepreneurship. European Business Review. Available at: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/09555341211254508/full/html.
Deprez, J. & Euwema, M. (2017). You can’t always get what you want? Leadership expectations of intrapreneurs. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 32(6), 430–444.
Garvin, D.A. & Levesque, L.C. (2014). Meeting the challenge of corporate entrepreneurship. Harvard Business Review. Available at: https://hbr.org/2006/10/meeting-the-challenge-of-corporate-entrepreneurship.
Gonthier, J. & Chirita, G.M. (2019). The role of corporate incubators as invigorators of innovation capabilities in parent companies. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 8(1).
Groysberg, B., Thomas, D. A., & Wagonfeld, A. B. (2011). Keeping Google 'Googley'. Keeping Google 'Googley' - Case - faculty & research. Harvard Business School. Available at: https://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=36411.
Guo, H. (2014). Intrapreneurship, human resource management and their interfacial interaction: A study on multi cases in the mature stage. Journal of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Research, 6, 1801-1805
Heinonen J. & Korvela, K. (2003). How about measuring intrapreneurship?. Paper Presented at the 33rd Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Small Business Conference, Milan, Italy.
Honig. B. (2001). Learning Strategies and Resources for Entrepreneurs and Intrapreneurs. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(1), DOI: 10.1177/104225870102600102.
Hornsby, J.S, Kuratko, D.F. & Zahra S.A. (2002). Middle managers’ perception of the internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship: Assessing a measurement scale. Journal of Business Venturing, 17, 55-89.
Hurt, K. & Dye, D. (2020). The main reasons employees don't speak their mind at work. Available at: https://www.fastcompany.com/90526638/the-main-reasons-employees-dont-speak-their-mind-at-work.
Jones, G. R. & Butler, J. E. (1992). Managing internal corporate entrepreneurship: an agency theory perspective. Journal of Management, 18(4), 733-749.
Kanwal, N., Raju, V., & Zreen, A. (2019). A Conceptual Model of Intrapreneurship in Banking Sector of Pakistan. Global Journal of Emerging Sciences, 1(4), 362–372.
Kenney, M. & Mujtaba, B.G. (2007). Understanding Corporate Entrepreneurship and Development: A Practitioner View of Organizational Intrapreneurship. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, 12(3), 73-88.
Kuratko, D. F., Hornsby, J. S., & Covin, J. G. (2014). Diagnosing a firm’s internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship. Business Horizons, 57(1), 37–47.
Lawless, J. (2018). Sri Lankan corporates urged to take risks. Available at: https://economynext.com/sri-lankan-corporates-urged-to-take-risks-11810/.
Mizar, S.P. & Vollmer, S. (2019). How to recruit and retain entrepreneurial talent. FM Magazine. Available at: https://www.fm-magazine.com/news/2019/jun/how-to-hire-entrepreneurial-talent-201920519.html.
Monsen, E., Patzelt, H., & Saxton, T. (2010). Beyond simple utility: Incentive design and trade-offs for corporate employee-entrepreneur. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 34, 105-130.
Morris, M.H., Kuratko, D.F., & Covin, J.G. (2008). Corporate entrepreneurship and innovation. (2nd ed.). Mason: Thomson Higher Education.
Price, E. (2019). Creativity killers: Toxic workplace factors that quash innovation and how to tackle them with evidence-based practices. Available at: https://www.ckju.net/en/dossier/creativity-killers-toxic-workplace-factors-quash-innovation-and-how-tackle-them-evidence-based-practices.
Salehi, M. & Yousefi, Z. (2011). Factors affecting to entrepreneurship in Banking Sector: Empirical Evidence of Iran. International Journal of Academic Research, 3, 916-921.
Sarvananthan, M. (2011). Sri Lanka: Putting entrepreneurship at the heart of economic revival in the north, east, and beyond. Contemporary South Asia, 19(2). DOI: 10.1080/09584935.2011.565313.
Schachtebeck, C. & Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2015). The role of management support in promoting corporate entrepreneurship within SME's in the seafreight transport industry. In: Southern African Transport Conference.
Scheepers, M.J.V. (2011). Motivating intrapreneurs: the relevance of rewards. Industry & Higher Education, 25(4), 249-263. DOI: 10.5367/ihe.2011.0051.
Sherf, E.N., Tangirala, S., & Venkataramani, V. (2019). Why Managers Ignore Employees' Ideas. Harvard business review. Available at: https://hbr.org/2019/04/research-why-managers-ignore-employees-ideas.
Srivastava, M., Franklin, A. & Martinette, L. (2013). Building a sustainable competitive advantage. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 8(2), 7–8.
Stull, M. G. (2005). Intrapreneurship in non-profit organizations: examining the factors that facilitate entrepreneurial behavior among employees. Working Paper Case Western Reserve University
Sulthanagoda, M. (2018). Guidelines to harness intrapreneurs. Available at: http://www.ft.lk/business/Guidelines-to-harness-intrapreneurs/34-657451.
Symonds, M. (2013). The entrepreneurial employee - How to make intrapreneurship a win-win for everyone. Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/mattsymonds/2013/10/29/the-entrepreneurial-employee-how-to-make-intrapreneurship-a-win-win-for-everyone/.
Taştan, S.B. & Güçel, C. (2014). Explaining intrapreneurial behaviors of employees with perceived organizational climate and testing the mediating role of organizational identification: A research study among employees of Turkish innovative firms. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 150, 862–871.
Vesper, K. H. (1990). New venture strategies. International Small Business Journal, 31(1), 3-22.
Vunori, T.O & Huy, Q.N. (2015). Distributed attention and shared emotions in the innovation process: How Nokia lost the smartphone battle. Administrative Science Quarterly, 61(1), 9-51.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.