Effects of the Covid- 19 Pandemic and its Attendant Lockdown Policy on the Economy of Plateau State

  • Dr. Yohanna Gyang Jugu Faculty of Management Science, Department of Accounting, University of Jos, NIGERIA
  • Dr. Mary Ada Ogenyi Faculty of Management Science, Department of Accounting, University of Jos, NIGERIA
  • Tosin D. Bodunde Faculty of Management Science, Department of Accounting, University of Jos, NIGERIA
  • Dr. Abubakar Saidu Faculty of Management Science, Department of Accounting, University of Jos, NIGERIA
Keywords: Covid-19, Revenue Generation, Lockdown, Pandemic

Abstract

The Continuous Decline In Revenue Base Of The Nation Has Remain A Matter Of Serious Concern Among Researchers And Government, Due To Challenges Arisen From The Covid – 19 Pandemic. In The Light Of This, The Study Was Set Out To Empirically Examine The Effects Of Covid – 19 Lockdown On The Internally Generated Revenue Of Plateau State. To Achieve This Objective, Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Combined With An Exploratory Research Design Approach Were Employed And Adopted By The Researchers, And A Sample Of 76 Respondents Was Taken From The Population Of Staff Of The Plateau State Internal Revenue Service With Specific Focus On Those That Are Directly Responsible For The Collection Of Taxes. To Analyse The Data, Both Independent T – Test And Logit Binary Regression Model Were Used To Test The Hypotheses Of This Study. Arisen From The Analysis, The Study Revealed That: There Is Significant Difference Between Revenue Generated Before And During Covid-19 Lockdown In Plateau State; And Covid - 19 Lockdown Has Significant Adverse Effect On Internally Generated Revenue (Igr). Based On The Findings, The Following Recommendations Were Made: Government Of Plateau State Should Ensure That Business Activities Are Continuing Through Digitalised System And That The Government Should Link Tax Identification Numbers (Tin) To Online Business Activities So As To Guarantee Continued Internally Revenue Generation For The State; Government Should Train Their Staff On The Use Of Ict, Especially In The Area Of Revenue Collection; And Staff Of Ministries, Departments And Agencies (Mdas) Should Ensure That Sharp And Dubious Practices Are Properly Checked To Allow For The Free Flow Of Ict System In Revenue Collection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdur, R. A. (2020). Coronavirus: Buhari meets VP, Task force; speaker warns Chinese envoy. Available at: https://www.PlateauStatenews.com/2020/04/11/nigeria-confirms-third-coronavirus-case-index-patient-fully-recovers/.

Annan A, B. H. (2013). Human betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012–related viruses in bats, Ghana and Europe. Emerg Infect Dis, 19(3), 456.

Bertram, S, Glowacka, I., Müller, M., Lavender, H., Gnirss, K., & Nehlmeier, I. (2011). Cleavage and activation of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus spike protein by human airway trypsin-like protease. J Virol, 85(24), 13363-13372.

Corman, V., Ithete, N., Richards, L., Schoeman, M., Preiser, W., & Drosten, C. (2014). Rooting the phylogenetic tree of middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus by characterization of a conspecific virus. J Virol, 88(19), 11297-11303.

Covid-19 Nigeria. (2020). Covid-19 Nigeria. Available at: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/.

Huynh, J., Li, S., Yount, B., Smith, A., Sturges, L., & Olsen, J. (2012). Evidence supporting a zoonotic origin of human coronavirus strain NL63. J Virol, 86(23), 12816-12825.

Jugu, Y. G., Jat, R. B., & Onoja, E. (2015). Modern taxation and tax management: Jos: Eiwa Press Ltd.

Kan, B., Wang, M., Jing, H., Xu, H., Jiang, X., & Yan, M. (2005). Molecular evolution analysis and geographic investigation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-like virus in palm civets at an animal market and on farms. J Virol, 79(18), 11892-11900.

Li, B., Si, H.-R., Zhu, Y., Yang, X.-L., Anderson, D., & Shi, Z.-L. (2020). Discovery of bat coronaviruses through surveillance and probe capture-based next- generation sequencing. mSphere, 5(1).

Lu, R., Zhao, X., Li, J., Niu, P., Yang, B., & Wu, H. (2020). Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. The Lancet.

Memish, Z., Zumla, A., Al-Hakeem, R., Al-Rabeeah, A., & Stephens, G. (2013). Family cluster of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus infections. N Engl J Med, 368(26), 2487-2494.

NCDC. (2020 Apr). COVID - 19 case update. Retrieved from 20 New Cases Confirmed: https://en.as.com/en/2020/04/13/other_sports/1586778385_605014.html.

Osagie, E. (2020, February 28). First case of corona virus disease confirmed in Nigeria. Available at: https://ncdc.gov.ng/news/227/first-case-of-corona-virus-disease-confirmed-in-nigeria.

Paden, C., Yusof, M., Al-Hammadi, Z., Queen, K., Tao, Y., & Eltahir, Y. (2018). Zoonotic origin and transmission of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in the UAE. Zoonoses Public Health, 65(3), 322-333.

Peiris, J., Guan, Y., & Yuen, K. (2004). Severe acute respiratory syndrome. Nat Med, 10(12), 88-97.

Peter, C. (2020 Apr). COVID-19: Latest news and resources. Available at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158179.

Press Release. (2020). Deeper revenue hit from COVID-19. Press release no: 18. Available at: https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-03-24-01/.

Proshare Confidential. (2020). Nigerian economy and the understanding the realities of an impending recession or onanomics: Proshare economy. Available at: https://www.tralac.org/documents/resources/covid-19/countries/3743-.

Rahman, A. & Sarkar, A. (2019). Risk factors for fatal middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus infections in Saudi Arabia: analysis of the WHO Line List. Am J Public Health, 109(9), 1288-1293.

Raj VS, M. H. (2013). Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 is a functional receptor for the emerging human coronavirus-EMC. Nature, 495(7440), 251-254.

Shi, Z. & Hu, Z. (2008). A review of studies on animal reservoirs of the SARS coronavirus. Virus Res, 133(1), 74-87.

Schmidhuber, J. Pound, J. & Qiao, B. (2020). COVID-19: Channels of transmission to food and agriculture, Trade and market division economic and social development department: Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations Rome. Available at: http://www.fao.org/3/ca8430en/CA8430EN.pdf

Van, B. S., de-Graaf, M., Lauber, C., Bestebroer, T., Raj, V., & Zaki, A. (2012). Genomic characterization of a newly discovered coronavirus associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome in humans. MBio, 3(6), 00473 512.

Wan, Y., Shang, J., Graham, R., Baric, R., & Li, F. (2020). Receptor recognition by novel coronavirus from Wuhan: an analysis based on decade-long structural studies of SARS. J Virol.

Wang, C., Horby, P., Hayden, F., & Gao, G. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. The Lancet.

Wang, N., Shi, X., Jiang, L., Zhang, S., Wang, D., & Tong, P. (2013). Structure of MERS-CoV spike receptor-binding domain complexed with human receptor DPP4. Cell Res, 23(8), 986.

WFP. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on livelihoods, food security and nutrition in East Africa: World Food Programme (WFP). Regional Bureau Nairobi. Release 2.0, 15 April 2020. Available at: https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/WFP

Wu, A., Peng, Y., Huang, B., Ding, X., Wang, X., & Niu, P. (2020). Genome composition and divergence of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) originating in China. Cell Host Microbe.

Wu, F., Zhao, S., Yu, B., Chen, Y.-M., Wang, W., & Song, Z.-G. (2020). A new coronavirus associated with human respiratory disease in China. Nature, 1(1), 1-5.

Xu, X., Chen, P., Wang, J., Feng, J., Zhou, H., & Li, X. (2020). Evolution of the novel coronavirus from the ongoing Wuhan outbreak and modeling of its spike protein for risk of human transmission. Science China Life Sciences, 63(3), 457-460.

Zheng, B., Guan, Y., Wong, K., Zhou, J., Wong, K., & Young, B. (2004). SARS-related virus predating SARS outbreak, Hong Kong. Emerg Infect Dis, 10(2), 176.

Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
Dr. Yohanna Gyang Jugu, Dr. Mary Ada Ogenyi, Tosin D. Bodunde, & Dr. Abubakar Saidu. (2021). Effects of the Covid- 19 Pandemic and its Attendant Lockdown Policy on the Economy of Plateau State. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 11(2), 143-151. https://doi.org/10.31033/ijemr.11.2.21