Characterizing Automobile Industrial Wastewater and its Impacts on Surrounding Water Quality
The wastewater from industries varies so greatly in both flow and pollution strength. So, it is impossible to assign fixed values to their constituents. It is necessary to pretreat the wastes prior to release to the municipal system since lack of adequate treatment of the effluent can cause deterioration of the ecosystem, die off and contamination of the aquatic environment. These adverse effects necessitated the study of wastewater effect on surface water body at Emene Industrial Layout, Enugu State, Nigeria. Wastewater samples were collected, analyzed and compared with the plot of treatment means. The results obtained from the study were compared with WHO and NIS 554 water standards. The wastewater analysis suggested that contaminant at the untreated stage was very high. The results of the treated and river sample were within the WHO and NIS 554 allowable water ranges. Samples at discharge point recorded increased values which suggest high re-contamination along the open channel (from non-point sources) before discharge. This calls for proper monitoring and treatment of the industrial effluent prior to ground water recharge or discharge to surface water.
Abdulrzzak A. (2006). Industrial wastewater. environmental consultant, industrial city of Hassia, Homs, Syria. Available at: http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Abdulrzzak_Alturkmani/publication/249656190_INDUSTRIAL_WASTEWATER.
American Public Health Association: APHA. (1992). Water pollution methods for the examination of water and wastewater. (18th ed.). Washington D. C.
Choukr-Allah, R. & Hamdy, A. (2003). Wastewater recycling and reuse in Mediterranean region as a potential resources for water saving. In: Hamdy A. (ed). Regional Action Program (RAP): Water resources management and water saving in irrigated agriculture (WASIA PROJECT). CIHEAMIAMB, Valenzano, pp. 89-101.
Metacalf & Eddy. (1991). Wastewater engineering: treatment, reuse and disposal. (4th ed.). New York: McGraw Hill Book Companies.
Ministry of Works, Land and Transport Enugu. (2005). Boundary conditions of flow reactor in meteorological evaluation Enugu State, weather.6:89. Commissioner’s Dossier.
Nigerian Industrial Standard: NIS 554. (2007). Nigerian standard for drinking water quality. (3rd ed.) Abuja, Nigeria: SON.
Rayment F. & Higginson. A. (1992) Criteria and classification of water. Water, Soil and Crop Management Practices Relating to the Use of Saline Water. A. Rayment (ed). AGL/MIC/16/90. FAO, Rome, pp. 34-51.
UN Department of Technical Cooperation for Development. (1985). The use of non-conventional water resources in developing countries. Natural Water Resources Series No. 14. United Nations DTCD, New York.
WHO. (2006). Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and grey water, 2. Wastewater Use in Agriculture. World Health Organisation, Geneva.
World Bank. (1993). Aquaculture: A component of low cost sanitation technology. Technical Paper Number 36. Integrated Resource Recovery Series. The World Bank, Washington DC. Edwards P ed.
World Health Organization. (2004). World health organization guidelines for drinking water quality. (3rd ed.). Geneva, Switerland.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.