Trends and Patterns of Foreign Direct Investment in India: An Empirical Analysis
India embarked on a journey of economic reform in 1991 in order to remove the structural and institutional bottlenecks that were plaguing the Indian economy. The objectives of reforms were to achieve higher growth and efficient utilization of resources and thereby redistribution of resources. The reforms introduced in 1991 could be characterized as liberalization, privatization and globalization. Attracting FDI as an addition to existing pool of resources was one of the major objectives of reform. Since 1991, inflow of FDI in India has been rising steadily. The process that begun in 1991, has been constantly reformed in order to achieve the aspiration goals of India. The recent regime in India has reinvigorated economic reforms and thus helped in attracting historic level of FDI inflow. There seems to be a point of break around 2014 which marks that FDI inflow has peaked considerably thereafter.
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