International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2021-09-21T05:33:14+0530 IJEMR Journal Admin Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) is a "PRINT &amp; ONLINE" double-blind&nbsp;<a href="">peer-reviewed&nbsp;</a>"Bi-monthly" refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Engineering and Management subjects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">IJEMR is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, China, Indonesia and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on all Management, Computer Science &amp; Engineering, Mathematical Science &amp; Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Applications, Civil Engineering and other related topics.</p> The Unethical Practices of the Pharmaceutical Industries in Bangladesh in their Drug Promotion and its Impacts 2021-08-03T13:57:27+0530 Md. Abdul Awal Md. Shishir Saidy Md. Aliullah <p>This article highlights the unethical practices of pharmaceutical industries in Bangladesh in their drug promotion and its impacts. It is evident that pharmaceutical industry is one of the promising sectors in the industrial field of Bangladesh. Now, the pharmaceutical industries of Bangladesh are exporting their products to more than 100 countries in the world after meeting the local demand. This study also represents the growth and market share of pharmaceutical industries, total exports of last five years, unethical practices in promotion of pharmaceutical industries and impacts of unethical practices. To conduct the study both secondary and primary data have been used. The target population of this study was medical professional men including physicians of Phultala Thana in Khulna District. Finally the study provides some recommendations to overcome the situation. There are a lot of rooms for Bangladesh to develop in this sector. In this study, the unethical practices in promotion of pharmaceutical industries that can make obstacle in the sustainable growth of pharmaceutical business in Bangladesh are discussed meticulously.</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Vehicle Monitoring System based On IOT, Using 4G/LTE 2021-08-03T14:04:31+0530 Egwuonwu Adolphus Chinonso Okemiri Henry Anayo Chioma Virginia Anikwe <p>In our World of today, the quest to get rich at all cost without working for our money has led some of our youth into crimes such as robbery and kidnapping. As a result of this and by the sheer fact that vehicles are now very expensive to buy these days, there is a need for people to safeguard their vehicles against these hoodlums to avoid loss of their precious Assets to these rampaging criminals. Tracking is technology that is used by many companies and individuals to track a vehicle, an individual or an asset by using many ways like GPS that operates using satellites and ground-based stations or by using our approach which depends on the cellular mobile towers. Vehicle tracking system is a system that can be used in monitoring and locating a vehicle, avoid theft or recover a stolen vehicle, for monitoring of vehicle routes to ensure strict compliance to an already defined vehicle routes, monitor driver’s behavior, predict bus arrival as well as for fleet management. Internet of things has made it very possible to devices to inter communicate amongst themselves and exchange information, helping in acquiring and analyzing information faster that we used to know in the past and this has helped more especially in vehicle monitoring to ensure that vehicle owners feel safe about their investments without fearing about their loss. In this paper, we propose a vehicle monitoring system based on IOT technology, using 4G/LTE to get the get the coordinate, speed, and overall condition of the vehicle, process and send to a remote server to be analyzed and used in locating the vehicle and monitor its other configured parameters. This is realized using Raspberry pi, 4G/LTE, GPS, Accelerometer and other sensors with communicate amongst themselves to get the environmental parameters which is processed and sent to a remote server where it is analyzed and represented on a map to locate the vehicle and monitor the other set parameters. 4G/LTE provides fast internet connectivity with overcomes the usual delay usually experienced in sending the acquired signals to be processed. The True Vehicle position is represented using google geolocation service and the actual position triangulated in real-time.</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Socio-Economic Benefits from Indian Winery 2021-08-03T14:12:58+0530 Dr. Abhishek Kumar <p>With globalization and increasing economy of India, Indian wine industry is growing at a CAGR of 20-25 percent and estimated to US$150 million. Uniformity in wine laws, new regulatory policies, tax incentive and increasing spending power of middle class widely spotting wine is a lifestyle drink and increased acceptability in India. The objective of this research paper is to highlight socio economic benefits from Indian winery for people living in the vicinity of wineries. To measure the socio-economic impact, the survey method was used to collect the data from two villages, Govardhan &amp; Dindori from capital city of Indian wine, Nasik.More than 85% of wine production of India has concentrated in Maharashtra mostly in Nasik &amp;Sangli. Theresearch finding shows that Indian winery has significantly contributed in various fields like employability, education, safety &amp; security, assets etc to poor people of this areas.</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research A Study on the Effect of COVID-19 on the Lifestyle & Mindset of People after Lockdown in Gujarat State 2021-08-03T14:21:09+0530 Komal K.Shukla Prof.(Dr.) Darshana R.Dave Dr. Shivangi K.Shukla <p>This study aimed to research the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological state and quality of life among Gujarat resident’s aged ≥18 years. a web survey was distributed through a social media platform from May 19, 2020 to May 22, 2020. Respondents completed a validated questionnaire that assessed the indications of mindset impacts, social and family support, and mental health-related lifestyle changes. a complete of 150 respondents (87 males and 63 females) completed the study Around 26% of the respondents believe that the lockdown 4.0 should be lifted fully. 56% prefer to stay at home even after lockdown lifted fully. Very few 5% around prefer to travel after lockdown 4.0. When there was a lockdown curfew, people were having different kind of stress. Majority of the people were having stress of getting corona virus. Some respondents were having stress related to their loss of job or pay cut. People tried to stay positive and did prayer to come out of the stress during lockdown period. 51% of the respondents said that they would like to prefer to go to the different public places after 3 months of lockdown 4.0. Majority of the respondents are having a positive attitude towards their lifestyle after COVID -19. People before COVID- 19 were very much socialized and not that much caring for their body. Now, people after COVID – 19 are more aware about their immunity, health, lifestyle and mental health as well. Of course, there is a change in everyone’s lifestyle and thinking. And this will bring something positive. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with mild stressful impact in our sample, even though the COVID-19 pandemic is still ongoing.</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Deconditioning the Mind for Better Learning: The Gift of Reasoning 2021-08-03T14:27:41+0530 Willy Lima, MBA Prof. Nicole Mauzard, Ph.D. <p>This paper discusses classical or Pavlovian conditioning, deconditioning, and critical thinking within the context of the human condition and relevant literature. The practical goal of this analysis is to demonstrate how to ‘reprogram’ our thinking from previous, somewhat dysfunctional learning to improve our responsiveness to others and our joy. Becker (2020) defined deconditioning as a systematic self-training process to free oneself from “undesirable desires”–urges and emotions that pop up when we would prefer they did not, thereby making life more stressful. By training oneself to ‘tune out’ these undesirable or distracting desires, one becomes more capable of making and adhering to intentional decisions. Such purposefulness can lead to increased experiences of the pleasures of life emanating from a sense of freedom rather than compulsion (Becker, 2020,p.1). To achieve that goal, this paper explores the important distinctions between conditioning and deconditioning, examining their roles and usefulness in learning generally. In this pursuit, several pertinent articles and books describing conditioning and deconditioning, combined with critical reflection on the researcher’s relevant experiences, are examined to illustrate how people can ‘decondition’ their thinking to stimulate appropriate reasoning for improved learning and memory. Briefly, <em>deconditioning</em> can lead to superior reasoning, resulting in benefits for learning, character development and beyond.</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research High Speed Data Exchange Algorithm in Telemedicine with Wavelet based on 4D Medical Image Compression 2021-08-03T14:34:16+0530 Samreen Fatima <p>Existing Medical imaging techniques such as fMRI, positron emission tomography (PET), dynamic 3D ultrasound and dynamic computerized tomography yield large amounts of four-dimensional sets. 4D medical data sets are the series of volumetric images netted in time, large in size and demand a great of assets for storage and transmission. Here, in this paper, we present a method wherein 3D image is taken and Discrete Wavelet Transform(DWT) and Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform(DTCWT) techniques are applied separately on it and the image is split into sub-bands. The encoding and decoding are done using 3D-SPIHT, at different bit per pixels(bpp). The reconstructed image is synthesized using Inverse DWT technique. The quality of the compressed image has been evaluated using some factors such as Mean Square Error(MSE) and Peak-Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR).</p> 2021-08-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Study of Investors’ Preference for the Selection of an Insurance Product 2021-08-04T06:19:22+0530 Pradnya Gugale Prof. Vedashree Mali <p>Human Being’s life is the most significant asset and life-insurance is the most significant sort of insurance which gives financial protection to theindividualhimself/herself and to his family at the hour of dubious dangers or harm. Life insurance gives both safety and protection to people and furthermore encourages investment funds among individuals. The present exploratory based investigation was chosen with a target to analyze those factors which impact client’s strategy purchasing choice and furthermore examine the inclinations of clients while making decision about insurance policy investment. Different insurance-related factors have been examined in the paper. Also, the said study has been conducted to know the satisfaction level of the clients and also to know the benefit they have been receiving from the company (if any). The information for the research has been gathered from primary data. The study zone is restricted to Maharashtra state and the test sample is 30 investors. The hypotheses have been based on the basis of demographic and the factors related to the insurance-based preference.factors and tested the same with the help of statistical tool T-test. The analyzed data had been produced in the form of a tables and graphs/charts. Insurance agencies should spread more awareness about life insurance, a decrease in the premium amount, and giving more attention to need-based innovative products are a portion of the recommendations which I would suggest. The paper closes with the segment that factors of the individuals play a significant and essential role in choosing the purchase of insurance policies.</p> 2021-08-04T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Input Structure Effect of Total Factor Productivity Growth of Animal Husbandry 2021-08-04T07:46:22+0530 LI Xiu-shuang ZHAO Liang YU Kang <p>This paper uses the input-output panel data of China's animal husbandry industry from 1997 to 2017, based on the total factor decomposition framework of total factor productivity (TFP), and uses the Hicks-Moorsteen index completely decompose the growth of animal husbandry TFP. By measuring the effect of mixed efficiency on the development of TFP in animal husbandry and then evaluating the input structure effect of TFP growth in animal husbandry. The results show that the impact of input structure on the TFP growth of animal husbandry has also changed from negative to positive. From 1997 to 2007, the input structure of the Huanghuaihai region alone contributed to the growth of TFP in animal husbandry, and the rest of the region was the opposite. From 2008 to 2017, the input structure of the Mengxin Plateau region hindered the growth of TFP in animal husbandry, while the rest of the region was the opposite.</p> 2021-08-04T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research The Effect of Electricity Supply on the Performance of Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Nigeria: A Case Study of Calabar South and Calabar Municipality of Cross River State 2021-08-04T08:57:43+0530 Christian E.Bassey Imoh Kingsley Ikpe <p>This research work analyzed the comparative study of the effect of electricity supply on the performance of small and medium-scale enterprises in Calabar South and Calabar Municipality,using small and medium scale businessmen and women as well as power holding company staff. The objectives of this study to analyze the comparative study of the effect of electricity supply on the performance of small and medium-scale enterprises in Calabar South and Calabar Municipality.The survey research design was adopted and a twelve (12) item structured questionnaire was used to obtain a sample size of 248 small and medium scale business owners and power holding staff randomly selected from the population. The results of the study revealed that there is a significant effect of electricity supply on the performance of small and medium-scale enterprises in Calabar South and Calabar Municipality. The results further revealed that insufficient electricity supply significantly affect the performance of small and medium-scale enterprises in Calabar South and Calabar Municipality.The study concludes that there are enormous difficulties being experienced by businesses in Cross River State and other parts of Nigeria due to inadequate and unreliable electric power supply. Thus an inadequate and unreliable supply of electricity imposes costs and therefore constrained firms’ operational performance as firms suffer high overhead cost due to the deficient electricity supply from the national grid. The study recommends that the Nigerian government needs to consider the issue of power supply reliability very seriously by facilitating both private and public investment in electricity infrastructure.</p> 2021-08-04T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Six Sigma Methodologies and its Application in Manufacturing Firms 2021-08-05T07:19:58+0530 Mudit M. Saxena <p>Six Sigma is a methodology for process improvement as well as a statistical concept that looks for to determine the variation intrinsic in any process. Six Sigma represents process, that is having 3.4 defects per million opportunities. i.e. 99.99966 % of the products from a Six Sigma process are perfect. Firms can impact their sigma level by combining main principles from the Six Sigma methodology into leadership styles, process management, and improvement activities. Main principle of the technique is a focus on the customer. There are many challenges in the implementation of Six Sigma. A well-run manufacturing team can make the entire firm more successful through cost-saving measures, increased quality and a larger inventory of products that the company can market. The Six Sigma objective is to make sure the process has minimum defects(3.4 defects per million chances). Every aspect of the process must be carefully planned and documented in detail in order for manufacturing to go efficiently. The main aspect of Six Sigma for enhancement in the manufacturing industry is to maximize the financial returns.</p> 2021-08-05T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Yoga Posture Classification using Computer Vision 2021-08-05T08:01:18+0530 Madhura Prakash Aishwarya S Disha Maru Naman Chandra Varshini V <p>There has been over the past few years, a very increased popularity for yoga. A lot of literatures have been published that claim yoga to be beneficial in improving the overall lifestyle and health especially in rehabilitation, mental health and more. Considering the fast-paced lives that individuals live, people usually prefer to exercise or work-out from the comfort of their homes and with that a need for an instructor arises. Hence why, we have developed a self-assisted system which can be used to detect and classify yoga asanas, which is discussed in-depth in this paper. Especially now when the pandemic has taken over the world, it is not feasible to attend physical classes or have an instructor over. Using the technology of Computer Vision, a computer-assisted system such as the one discussed, comes in very handy. The technologies such as ml5.js, PoseNet and Neural Networks are made use for the human pose estimation and classification. The proposed system uses the above-mentioned technologies to take in a real-time video input and analyze the pose of an individual, and classifies the poses into yoga asanas. It also displays the name of the yoga asana that is detected along with the confidence score.</p> 2021-08-05T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research The Influence of Different Management Modes on the Potential of Moso Bamboo Carbon Sink Based on Survey Data of Yuhang and Lin’an 2021-08-06T07:33:46+0530 Shiyun Zhang Irfan Mir Chohan Ye Deng <p>Bamboo forest carbon sequestration has strong development potential in coping with global climate change. The management of Moso bamboo forest can exert its own strong carbon sequestration ability and promote farmers' income, which is the fundamental point of bamboo industry development and can integrate ecological, economic, and social benefits. In this study, two Moso bamboo forests with different management modes in Lin'an and Yuhang of Zhejiang Province were used as research points. Using the system dynamic thinking method, a dynamic system model was constructed to simulate the growth process of Moso bamboo and its carbon sink supply. Then comparative analysis was made of its carbon sink supply potential. It is easy for bamboo forest managers to change management measures according to their requirements and create a dynamic balance between ecology and economics when determining the optimum management mode for the bamboo forest under the supply potential of carbon sink. According to the study results, the carbon sink supply under the intensive model is the most ideal, while the carbon sink supply under the extensive peach blossom model is the least ideal.</p> 2021-08-06T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Research on the Impact of Relationship Networks on Farmers’ Formal Credit Constraints: The Case of China 2021-08-07T05:35:02+0530 Lun-song Chen Bi-Lin Sun <p>Based on the survey data of Lishui City, Zhejiang Province, this paper uses the Heckman two-stage model to construct a credit constraint function without selection bias, and explores the relationship between the scale and quality of the relationship network and the credit constraints of rural households. Research shows that the scale of the relationship network is affected adversely by urbanization and networking, having a weaker impact on the formal credit constraints of rural households. The quality of the relationship networks can improve farmers’ awareness of formal credit, reduce transaction exposure, regulate farmers’ behavior and act as a “guarantee”, thereby effectively alleviating farmers’ formal credit constraints. At the same time, the relationship network of farmers is gradually becoming more structured, where farmers' social interests are becoming more purposeful. Additionally, formal financial institutions have set a threshold for farmers’ credit, which requires a certain amount of securities for money.</p> 2021-08-07T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Impact of Greek Financial Crisis on the Value of Euro with the Other Major World Currencies 2021-08-07T06:15:47+0530 Dr S Gautami <p>During the Greek Financial Crisis period (December 2009), Greece, one of the members of the EUROZONE, faced an unprecedented financial crisis which triggered gradual erosion in the value of EURO with respect to major world currencies during this period. During May 2010, the European Union agreed for a bailout package for Greece which was intended to prevent a further decline in the value of Euro.</p> <p>This study mainly focuses on the trend in the Exchange rate of Euro against the world’s major currencies during the period of Greek financial crisis and the predictability of Future spot exchange rates using the currency Futures rates. It has been noted that on an average the variation between Future spot rate and Currency futures rates has been highest in respect of INR/EURO and the lowest in respect of GBP/EURO. This indicates that the predictability of GBP/EURO futures rate as an indicator of future spot price has been the highest.</p> <p>Further, it has been found that the depreciation in the EURO exchange rate during the Greek financial crisis has been the highest against INR and lowest against GBP. This has been further confirmed by the fact that the Regression Coefficient of GBP/EURO has been the lowest while that of INR/EURO has been the highest.</p> 2021-08-07T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Impact of COVID 19 on Steel Industry – A case Study of RINL, Visakhapatnam Steel Plant 2021-08-08T05:36:45+0530 Pradosh Kumar Rath Prof. B. Mohan Venkata Ram <p>Steel is by far, the most widely used and is environment friendly as it can be recycled 100%. Steel has wide variety of applications in day to day life. Indeed, steel is the backbone and support of the global economy and infrastructure. Steel has got many forward linkages with manufacturing industries.</p> <p>Status of global steel industry before the onset of COVID 19 and the effect of pandemic on industry in both global and Indian contexts were discussed. The status of Indian economy was briefly explained and projected outlook for steel market after breakout of the pandemic. &nbsp;The effect of COVID on RINL was discussed in detail and various strategies adopted by the industry during the period were explained. Handling of such future eventualities were addressed. After the outbreak, the recovery and outlook were explained in detail. Interventions and initiatives sought from the Government were presented in this paper.</p> 2021-08-08T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research A Review Paper on Green Building Research 2021-08-09T05:22:27+0530 Yuvraj Singh Bhadauriya Vishal Singh Suneel Kumar <p>One of the most common issues on the word right now is green building technology, with the goal of reducing the development industry's various negative effects on the environment, society, and economy. Because pollution and global warming are quickly expanding over the planet, the world urgently requires a sustainable and reasonable development. Because of the increase in Green House Gases (GHGs), dramatic climatical differences occurring everyday have been noted and are being faced by almost everyone all over the world. Within settled countries such as the United States of America, Russia, Australia, and the United Kingdom, there have already been rigorous steps taken to achieve workable development, as well as rules and regulations enacted by their respective governments to assist and accomplish a workable and environmentally approachable development of their countries. However, emerging countries such as India, China, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and others are dragging in terms of founding supportable growth and environmentally friendly structures. In addition, there is a deficiency of public understanding about this worldwide issue in these emerging countries. According to surveys and study, these countries are also far behind schedule the established nations of the world. This article discusses the need for maintainable growth around the world, particularly in emerging countries such as India and China, which have enormous land-living masses and are fast emerging, with the potential to become new global superpowers in the near future. It also includes sustainable and monetary research with connections to Indian contexts, as well as a recent live instance study of a freshly built and constructed luxurious housing home in a densely populated area of India. The case study is a inhabited house that is planned and built as a sustainable and green structure in an extremely community inside the state of Maharashtra, India, as India is also known as a country of villages with the world's second largest population. According to India's 2012 census, 69.84 percent of the population, or 869.17 million people, live in 6,47,861 distinct villages. By using straightforward, simple, and cost-effective strategies, this study will assist Indian communities and residential buildings in becoming more sustainable and greener.</p> 2021-08-09T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Goods and Services Tax: Benefits and its Impact on Indian Economy 2021-08-10T07:57:18+0530 Dr. Jamil Ahmad <p>The Goods and Services Tax, or GST, took effect on July 1, 2017. The new tax system was designed to replace all current indirect taxes with a single, comprehensive tax. The Products and Services Tax (GST) is a consumption tax imposed on goods and services depending on their final destination (Bhushan Satya). Simply said, GST is a single tax that applies to the delivery of goods and services from the producer to the end user. In a nutshell, it's a tax imposed solely on value addition, with input tax credits transferred to successive stages of value addition, implying that the ultimate tax burden would fall on the end user of products or services.</p> <p>The anticipated advantages of implementing the GST are that it would decrease the cascading impact of taxes, i.e. it will eliminate tax on tax. It was also anticipated to stimulate demand for products and the elimination of a number of indirect taxes such as VAT, CST, Service tax, CAD, SAD, and Excise, among others, which would help to improve the Indian economy in the long term.</p> <p>This paper tries to highlight the cost and benefits bear by the economy due to implementation of the GST. The paper also tries to find out the expected rate of growth of economy after the GST. Finally, the study tries to conclude that how it would be disrupted and benefits the economy in the long run.</p> 2021-08-10T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research A Summary of the Analysis of the Problems Existing in the Development of Asset Appraisal Industry in Western China 2021-08-12T08:03:07+0530 Zhang Xue <p>Affected by the development level of the market economy and regional economic growth factors, the asset appraisal industry in the three major regions of China's east, middle and west has created regional gaps in the development process. Among them, the asset appraisal development problem in the western region is particularly prominent. Therefore, the development of asset appraisal in the western region has always been a hot topic in this field. This paper compares the economic development level of various regions and the development status of the asset appraisal industry, analyzes the problems encountered in the development of the asset appraisal industry in the western region, considers solutions to related problems, and further thinks about the future development direction of the asset appraisal industry and outlook.</p> 2021-08-12T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Impact of 2016th-year Demonetization on Banks in India 2021-08-13T07:16:17+0530 Dr. Vinay Chandra Surabhi Srivastava <p>Demonetization is a monetary step in which a particular series of banknotes render invalid either by the government or by issuing authority of the nation to eliminate the undeclared income. It is a process in which certain units of currency notes will not be remains as legal tender. On November 8, 2016, government demonetize old ₹ 500 and ₹1000 banknotes which were 86% (15.41) trillion in total circulation to curb the black money, wipe off the fake currency, and make a halt in corruption. This move shook all the corners of the economy in which the banking sector was significantly affected. It gave a positive impact on the financial statements of banks, as the deposits were increased, the net earnings of the bank were also increase. Therefore, the study has been conducted to throw the light on the impact of demonetization on banks, primary data have been collected for the of Pre and Post demonetization period.</p> 2021-08-13T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Students’ Perception towards Learning Platforms – A Comparative Analysis of Online and Offline Learning 2021-08-16T09:02:21+0530 Shreya Gupta <p>The purpose of this study is to find out college students perception towards the learning platforms and their priorities with regard to online learning as well as offline learning. Rapid developments in education technology have provided many new options of learning to students and thus made this research important to determine their preferences for the same. Moreover due to covid-19, the students have fresh experience of online learning which would make the comparison more relevant. The study makes comparison of online education and traditional way of education from the point of view of Post - Graduate students from M.COM, MBA, MA (economics), M.SC, and M.TECH respectively. To know their perception and preference, online questionnaire was constructed via Google form and data was collected from 100 respondents. 10 variables based on 5 point likert scale have been used to analyze the perception. These variables include Convenience, Flexibility, Teacher – student interaction, accessibility in terms of time and cost, Freedom in learning, Doubt clarity, Learning experience, Content analysis, Adaptability and performance evaluation. This preliminary analysis of students' perception will determine whether there are statistically significant differences between online learning and offline learning, and preference for online learning technology between gender groups and between post graduate students from different educational qualifications and family income, along with investigating the reasons for their preference.</p> 2021-08-16T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Research on the Development of Rural Collective Economy: The Case of Chun'an 2021-08-18T08:20:10+0530 Bing-yu WANG <p>The implementation of the rural revitalization strategy in the new era is the overall starting point for doing a good job in the "three rural" work. Research on the development of the rural collective economy has promoted the overall upgrading of agriculture, the overall progress of the countryside, and the overall development of farmers. It has promoted the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. It is also the focus and difficulty of rural grassroots construction. This paper analyzes the development status of the rural collective economy in Mochuan Village, Chun'an County, uses the operating income data of Mochuan Village from 2014 to 2019, uses statistical analysis methods to explore the existing problems and their causes, and manages different subjects and agricultural production from rural society From the two perspectives of the elements, the countermeasures for the development of the rural collective economy are proposed.</p> 2021-08-18T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Modified Electromagnetic Actuator for Active Suspension System 2021-08-20T06:25:24+0530 Prajwal V R Chandrashekar Murthy B N Yashwanth S D <p>Active suspension is a type of suspension systems which can vary its damping value in order to adjust the spring firmness in accordance with the road conditions. Real Active Suspension incorporates an external actuator which helps in raising or lowering of vehicle chassis independently at each wheel. Generally, the actuators that are used for active suspension are Hydropneumatic, Electro-hydraulic or Electromagnetic actuators. A new concept of two-way electromagnetic actuation with the help of magnetic damping is proposed in this paper, which can extend its arm on both sides to facilitate active suspension mechanism in both humps and potholes. This increases the ride quality while maneuvering not only in humps, but also in dumps. It also describes about the comparison of spring materials, sophisticated design, construction and working principle of newly proposed actuator. Catia V5 software has been used to design and simulate the actuator model, different spring materials are analyzed and their shear stress and deflections are compared.</p> 2021-08-20T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Building Information Modelling (BIM): Benefits for Small Scale Construction Industry 2021-08-20T07:39:47+0530 Ghaith R. Abdulghani Ahmed Gullu <p>While time passes and life changes, the development of technology is taking place in every part of our life quickly, also it affects daily life. it creates new tools, procedures, and methods for all sectors, and simplifies many operations. Nowadays, design tools that depend on computers have been used in the construction industry, it has a direct effect on the whole project life, and it has made a revolution in the construction sector. Building information modeling (BIM) simply refers to the development of a building model generated by using the computer, that model is rich of data, object-oriented, smart and also a parametric digital representation of the building.</p> <p>This paper discusses the advantages of implementation of BIM technology for the small scale construction industry, it will mainly focus on quantity takeoff and accuracy of projects, firstly it presents the definition and the main concept of BIM. Then, a case study of a 3-storey building project in Baghdad is done to evaluate the effect of BIM quantity takeoff, tendering, and other effects on the project. At the end, results and challenges will be discussed.</p> 2021-08-20T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Factors Influencing Online Education during COVID-19 Pandemic: Sri Lankan Students’ Perspective 2021-08-26T06:50:15+0530 M. A. K. Sriyalatha P. J. Kumarasinghe <p>This study examines the factors influencing online education for selected Sri Lankan universities during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also analyses the moderate effect of gender and type of the university on online education. Primary data were collected using a questionnaire via google form from Management students in Sri Lankan selected universities. Data analysis was done through structural equations using analysis of moment structures (AMOS) version 22.0. Attitude, internet and related facilities, curriculum, and self-motivation were found to have a significant positive impact on online education, while workload &amp; time have no significant effect on online education. Among four factors, the strongest influence was derived from self-motivation followed by the curriculum. We have not found significant differences among male and female students’ views on online education, while the impact from the type of university is different among the two categories. This study effectively guides policy makers and university administrators across the educational institutes to decide on continuing online education. It reveals some insights to the teachers, students, and parents to understand the significance of the modern online learning environment and its positive impact on the new learning mode. There is no study related to the factors associated with the impact of online education during the Covid-19 pandemic in the Sri Lankan context.</p> 2021-08-26T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research The Extent of New Product Development Partnership between Universities and the Manufacturing Firms in Ghana 2021-08-31T06:24:36+0530 Munkaila, Alhassan Clinton, Aigbavboa Wellington, Didibhuku. Thwala <p>The importance of new product development in building both technological and technical capacity of university and firm cannot be overemphasized. Collaborations between HE and industry in NPD is conceived as mutual interaction for skills acquisition and economic improvement. The study was designed to determine the extent of new product development partnership between HEIs and the manufacturing firms. A survey was conducted, and a sample of 400 was drawn from both HE and industry; the data were then analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM) software of EQS version 6.2.The results revealed that there is weak interaction between HE and industry, also there is no formal partnership between the two on new product development. in order to strengthen the mutual relationship, a conceptual model had been developed after a careful examination and assessment of the key factors of NPD and after preliminary CFA analysis conducted to establish the determinants of the main construct. A nine-factor model was then developed for university and industry. The study therefore recommends that higher education and industry adopt this new model for effective partnership on NPD.</p> 2021-08-27T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Do Social Media Impact Consumer Buying Decisions in the Fashion Industry during the COVID-19 Pandemic? 2021-08-27T08:04:15+0530 SMBL Suraweera WGJM Jayathilake <p>Impact on consumer shopping behavior ramped up despite the fluctuations in the pandemic and lockdown in the past year due to of the social media. Because the advent of social media has changed the globe and the whole way it operates, putting the society and its peoples closer together even as a means of boosting customer assets through powerful communication during this challenging period. The purpose of this study is to define the characteristics of social media marketing factors and to examine the impact of those perceived factors upon customer purchasing decisions, given the immense concern in using social media marketing among fashion brands during the period of covid-19 pandemic. This research primarily fixated on five variables in social media, such as entertainment, interactions, trendiness, customization and word of mouth effect on the consumer purchasing decisions. A deductive methodology was taken, and 100 questionnaires, via the Google online form, were circulated to gather data. For data interpretation using SPSS, descriptive and inferential statistics were used such as mean value, standard deviation and correlation and regression analysis. The study of the data shows that social media-marketing factors like entertainment, communications, trends, customizing and word of mouth influence customer buying decisions, and that these factors have a positive relation with consumer purchase decisions. These results also revealed that women and individuals aged twenty-five to thirty-four years of age are more inclined to buy fashion-related products during this pandemic situation and suggested to develop marketing tools targeted at this particular category. Further, the results of this study will help fashion companies more specifically forecast the purchasing habits of their customers and control their investments and marketing efforts in this challenging period.</p> 2021-08-27T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Safety and Health in Mining 2021-09-05T13:08:48+0530 Paola Parra O. Marcos Quispe P. Eyshller Caceres M. Ivan Cahuaya C. Crhistian Condori M. Erick Gomez C. Edy Merma V. <p>In the history of the mining sector, in its beginnings it faced very high levels of risks both safety and health.</p> <p>The data are limited to serious accidents, and these are mainly associated with falls from land, transport and machinery.</p> <p>Analysis of these data suggests that the leading causes of death tend to be the same as those of serious injuries, while disasters have a different profile. Over the past decade, mining disasters have been associated with explosions due to flammable gases, a fire on a conveyor belt, a flood of mud and water, and rock outbursts.</p> <p>Mandatory compliance with a company's safety, health and environmental regulations is a minimum and can be significantly improved by adding a long-term management planning and implementation process with a deeper cultural shift towards continuous improvement in safety and quality. Note that the purpose of integrating health and safety into other management systems is the need for health and safety management to be central, rather than an organizational objective.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Strategic Environmental Planning for Deep Seabed Mining in the Area 2021-09-05T13:04:58+0530 Paola Parra O. Marcos Quispe P. Evelyn Paucara V. Oscar Miranda Z. Flor de María Gutierrez S. <p>Discussions approximately an environmental control method for deep seabed mining in the Area had been underway for some the years. Both states and scientists have known for such an environmental control method. In 2018, the International Seabed Authority has followed its first 5-year strategic plan, masking all elements of its mandate. This article examines the brand-new strategic plan integrates factors of an environmental control method and what is probably missing. It demonstrates that even as a few overlaps exist, there are numerous key gaps left via way of means of the modern strategic plan which will be stuffed via the way of means of an environmental control method.</p> <p>To operationalize those desires and objectives, development ought to be measurable; thus, objectives are set, reviews are assessed, and suitable responses are awarded. Many control equipment and toots are relevant for accomplishing environmental desires. To date, the ISA has taken into consideration marine spatial making plans in large part across the modern exploration settlement blocks. Other factors of environmental control, which include the necessities for baseline studies, effect assessment, post-effect tracking, and the remedy of dangerous consequences and extreme damage want to be carried out to assist well-described environmental desires and objectives. We advocate that this making plans be done for scales largethan man or woman blocks, through a Strategic Environmental Management Plan, to make certain sustainable use of ocean assets throughout the Area.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Toxic Gases in Mining 2021-09-05T13:00:31+0530 Paola Parra O. Marcos Quispe P. Bladimir Mamani Z. Juan Salvador A. <p>Rapid detection of causes of mining accidents leading to emergencies is to search the &nbsp;efforts. Controlling fires and gas leaks provides an immediate approach to rescue work for fatalities or injuries and detecting who needs resuscitation outside the mine. Evacuation and recovery operations should be guided by continuous monitoring of the mine environment due to fire and explosion hazards. The main toxic gases in mines are carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2); flammable gases are methane (CH4), CO and hydrogen (H2); suffocating gases are CO2, nitrogen (N20) and CH4; and the toxic gases are CO, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S).</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Trends in Underground Mining 2021-09-05T12:55:25+0530 Parra Paola O. Marcos Quispe P. Freddy Lobaton Z. Adali Vela F. Will Yucra C. <p>In this document, we will talk through information collected on all trends in mining in the underground environment as much as what happens in the world as or new machinery America provides the highest mining production in underground mining. We often discover opportunities for improvement in both productivity and costs. Of all these methods, braking is not only the most common, but also offers the largest share of overall production, nearly 50 percent.</p> <p>These underground mining methods are often determined by the deposits and the economics of mining and are therefore somewhat beyond the control of the operator(<em>Trends in underground mining for gold and base metals | McKinsey</em>, s.&nbsp;f.)</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Identification of Factors to Improve Public Transit Services (A Case Study of Prithvi Chowk to Talchowk Section of Prithivi Highway) 2021-09-07T14:26:44+0530 Saroj Baral Prem Nath Bastola <p>This research presents studies on a segment of highway to determine the quantitative factors that inuence transit services. Travel time and delay study is one of the method to determine quantitative factors. Tour time is described as the average period of time required to journey from one region to some other. Total departure time consists of gadgets which include total working time, places and general delay time. The examine section was done in Prithvi chowk to Tal chowk of Prithvi Highway which is turned to be 12.5 km long.</p> <p>Additionally, it has been found that the principle variables affecting travel time are: postpone time because of forestall selecting and choosing up passengers, bus model and bus size.32 trips public transport carrier and a 10 trips non-public automobile journey have been held during peak hours. Models are developed the use of SPSS software to become aware of the relationship between the causes of delays and the overall-time delays. Travel time and learning delays can help reduce the number of private vehicles operating and increase the number of public vehicles in order to reduce congestion and improve the e efficiency of the public transport system. It turned into determined that there was a full-size distinction in tour time among the use of the public transit services and the car.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research TCSC-STATCOM Controller for the Voltage Stability Improvement of the Wind Farm Connected to the Grid 2021-09-08T09:39:17+0530 K. Amritha Harika Savitry Md. Shamma Parveen K. Sai Soumya B. Shirisha Reddy <p>The project is about the improvement of voltage stability of the system which has a wind farm connected to the Grid. A combination of TCSC and STATCOM is used in the controller. The controller ensures that the system receives enough reactive power to maintain stability. The simulation model is going to be inbuilt MATLAB/SIMULINK. output voltages of the system without the controller, with each component acting separately and the collaborative control effect of TCSC and STATCOM, will be compared and studied in the simulated model to prove the efficiency of the controller.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Contributions of Productivity and Relative Price Changes to Wheat Profitability Changes in China 2021-09-19T05:57:52+0530 Li Xiu-Shuang Yu Kang <p>Using the provincial panel data of wheat from 1998 to 2018, based on the total price and quantity framework proposed by O'Donnell(2010), and using Färe-Primont productivity index, this artical decomposes the change of wheat profitability into the change of input-output relative price (TT) and the change of total factor productivity (TFP), and further decomposes the change of TFP into technological progress and efficiency change based on input orientation. The results showed that the overall profitability of wheat decreased by 24.9% compared with 1998, which was attributed to the decrease of TT by 32.6% and the increase of TFP by 11.4%. Results indicate that profitability change is mainly driven by TT change, and the impact of TT change on wheat profitability was alleviated by the compensatory change of TFP. The main driving factor of wheat TFP growth is technical progress, Compared with the growth of technical progress, the technical efficiency grows slowly.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Investigating the Factors Affecting Delays in Infrastructure Projects 2021-09-21T05:33:14+0530 Anurup Kakkar Prakhar Duggal <p>Time and expense overruns are regular occurrences in the construction industry all around the world but these are a major concern in developing countries such as India, and their consequences can be extremely harmful when public infrastructure projects are concerned. In India as per the MoS &amp; PI report, as of October 2019, there were 552 delayed construction projects, and the mean time overrun in these 552 delayed projects is29.07 months. Many studies in the literature review previously, have concentrated on a variety of infrastructure risk management issues but there have only been a few studies that have looked into the overall dynamics of infrastructure and how a project's timeline can be affected by changing risk interactions. This article aids in the investigation of the variables and causes of construction delays in infrastructure projects.</p> 2021-08-31T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research