https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/issue/feed International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2021-07-19T06:55:05+0530 IJEMR Journal Admin editor@ijemr.net Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) is a "PRINT &amp; ONLINE" double-blind&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/peerreview">peer-reviewed&nbsp;</a>"Bi-monthly" refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Engineering and Management subjects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">IJEMR is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, China, Indonesia and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on all Management, Computer Science &amp; Engineering, Mathematical Science &amp; Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Applications, Civil Engineering and other related topics.</p> https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/788 Job Satisfaction of Private Banking Sector Employees in Bangladesh 2021-06-02T12:05:37+0530 Md. Elius Hossan eliusfmcsk@gmail.com Rashedul Hasan b mafuzasetu@gmail.com <p>The intention of this study is to explore the job satisfaction level in Private Banking Sector officers of Bangladesh. This study highlights the factors of job satisfaction of bank employees in our country also try to evaluate the influences of these factors on the ultimate job satisfaction. So, Private Banks employees are the target population of this research paper. This paper reveled some institutional factors like working environment, work condition, pay, fair treatment of employees, provision of loan, promotion policy and acknowledgement for good performance meaningfully effect on job satisfaction of private Bank employees. On the other hand, employee’s individual factors such as age and gender, marital status minorly effect job satisfaction of Bank employees. The study conveys the message to Bank management that they should give more attention to stimulate and uphold the human resources in banking sector in Bangladesh. For attaining decisive mission of the banking division, the Bank Administration should satisfy the bank officers and utilize their maximum effort by confirming comprehensive superiority of their institutions. We think the results and academic consultation of this research may assist the relevant people for additional research and formulation of plan.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/792 Create Shared Value - A Win-Win Business Model 2021-06-02T12:08:50+0530 K. Srinivasan srinivk1975@gmail.com Dr. S. Rajarajeswari rajeswarimdu@gmail.com <p>Creating shared value is a framework created for enhancing economic value for the organization while simultaneously meeting the needs of the society and its challenges. This paper aims in providing structural framework of shared values and also key measures taken by various organization. This articles emphasis on adoption of shared values and its impact on enhancing the environmental performance, Stakeholder’s health, nutrition, affordability in meeting the basic requirements of stake holders and also measures in improving societal wellbeing.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/790 Green Revolution in Ready Made Garments in Bangladesh: An Analytical Study 2021-06-02T12:11:27+0530 Md. Elius Hossan eliusfmcsk@gmail.com Md. Abdul Awal mafuzasetu@gmail.com Md. Aliullah mafuzasetu@gmail.com Md. Shishir Saidy mafuzasetu@gmail.com <p>Bangladesh, a small south Asian country, holds the second position in the world of exporting readymade garments (RMG). Here locate the highest number of green RMG factories in the world. Green industrialization is the positive symbol of sustainable development. This paper represents an impressive illustration of the scenario of RMG industries in Bangladesh especially the growth, contribution to export and the success of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) recognized Platinum, Gold and Silver factories. &nbsp;This paper also represents the success of green revolution in RMG industries in Bangladesh and recommends some suggestions to convert the traditional industries to green industries where the industries are not only for making profit but also committed to provide good working environment for employee, eco-friendly and ethical business practice.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/796 Real-Time WebRTC based Mobile Surveillance System 2021-06-02T12:13:57+0530 Alistair Baretto alistair.baretto@gmail.com Noel Pudussery noelpaul747@gmail.com Veerasai Subramaniam veerasaivenkatesh@gmail.com Amroz Siddiqui amroz@fcrit.ac.in <p>The rapid growth that has taken place in Computer Vision has been instrumental in driving the advancement of Image processing techniques and drawing inferences from them. Combined with the enormous capabilities that Deep Neural networks bring to the table, computers can be efficiently trained to automate the tasks and yield accurate and robust results quickly thus optimizing the process. Technological growth has enabled us to bring such computationally intensive tasks to lighter and lower-end mobile devices thus opening up a wide range of possibilities. WebRTC-the open-source web standard enables us to send multimedia-based data from peer to peer paving the way for Real-time Communication over the Web. With this project, we aim to build on one such opportunity that can enable us to perform custom object detection through an android based application installed on our mobile phones. Therefore, our problem statement is to be able to capture real-time feeds, perform custom object detection, generate inference results, and appropriately send intruder alerts when needed. To implement this, we propose a mobile-based over-the-cloud solution that can capitalize on the enormous and encouraging features of the YOLO algorithm and incorporate the functionalities of OpenCV’s DNN module for providing us with fast and correct inferences.&nbsp; Coupled with a good and intuitive UI, we can ensure ease of use of our application.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/802 Implementation of Implantation-Stagger Measuring Unit using Image Processing 2021-06-02T12:17:13+0530 Angela Infanta Ramesh angela.infanta@protonmail.com Ashish Dinesh Singh ashishdineshsingh@gmail.com Battina Babykutty babykuttybattina@gmail.com <p>The electrical traction system of railways is a combination of physical upright structures and OCL(Overhead Contact Lines). The horizontal distance from the center of the track to the OHE mast called implantation, horizontal displacement of overhead contact wire with respect to the center of the railway track called stagger, and the perpendicular height of overhead contact wire from the ground are periodically checked by a lineman in order to ensure a safe distance from the railway track. In this paper, we have put forth an idea of building a distance measuring device to measure the implantation and stagger without touching the objects using Open CV on raspberry pi with a camera module which will be placed at the center of the track. The system will be having two features. To measure the distance of the nearest poles, the camera has to be placed facing the mast perpendicular to a circle of diameter appropriate which is placed on the pole for measurement purposes. And to measure the stagger, the camera has to be placed facing the overhead wire from the center of&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the track.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/812 Analyzing the Effectiveness of Modern Irrigation Methods in Iraq 2021-06-03T07:03:32+0530 Ismail I. AOthman ismail9222@yahoo.com Redvan Ghasemlounia ismail9222@yahoo.com <p>Iraq is one of the countries that have water scarcity problem.&nbsp; Many reasons have made this problem to be more complex. The modern irrigation methods have used as one solution to the water problem in Iraq. This paper investigates the effectiveness of modern irrigation methods in Iraq. The paper tests the impact of using modern irrigation methods on the amount of water used for irrigation. The study uses Liner Regression Model (LRM) as a statistical estimation model. The study data were taken from the ministry of water resources, and the ministry of agriculture in Iraq.</p> <p>This study uses weekly time series data from 2000 -2010. The results show that using modern irrigation methods in Iraq has negative and insignificant impact on the total amount of irrigation water. The results shows that temperature (climate effect) has positive and significant impact on total irrigation water. The results shows that stored water has positive and significant impact on irrigation water.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/813 Design and CFD Simulation of Tesla Pump 2021-06-03T08:44:49+0530 SMG Akele smg_sam2009@yahoo.com M. O. Ahmed smg_sam2009@yahoo.com S. J. Wodah smg_sam2009@yahoo.com J. Agbajor smg_sam2009@yahoo.com K. O. Ihwurighwre smg_sam2009@yahoo.com O. Uwumagbuhun smg_sam2009@yahoo.com <p>The need for high pump performance and efficiency continue to encourage the study of flow between two parallel co-rotating discs in multiple discs pump or turbine. Therefore, this study entails the design, construction and CFD simulation of a 3D Tesla pump model axisymmetric swirling flow in order to enhance the understanding of Tesla pump for future development.</p> <p>Method of solution entails designing and construction of a small prototype tesla pump and then using the design geometry and parameters to design and perform numerical simulation.&nbsp; The results of the numerical simulation were then analyzed.</p> <p>The result obtained indicates static pressure to have minimum value of -4.7791Pa at the outlet and 13.777Pa at the pump inlet and with velocity magnitude having minimum velocity of 0.00m/s and maximum velocity of 4.12m/s. The strength of the velocity was seen to be very high at the pump outlet. The analysis radial velocity showed minimum value of -0.508m/s and maximum value of 3.981m/s with the radial velocity vector being concentrated at the discs periphery and outlet.</p> <p>Model simulation results exhibited smooth pressure and velocity profiles.&nbsp; With the 3D simulation all flow variables are able to be predicted.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/794 Importance of Garni Activities in the Sustainable Tourism: A Case Study of Hotels 2021-06-03T11:43:02+0530 Javeed Ahmad Ganai javeeeed.ganayeee@gmail.com <p>This article provides a broad overview of sustainability in the hospitality and tourist business, as well as content information on sustainability that could be useful in hospitality and tourism education. The study focuses on the following question in particular: What role does sustainability education play in the hospitality and tourism industry? Themes in sustainability education are recognised in the accommodation, meetings and events, and food and beverage sectors, as well as implementations of sustainability principles in hospitality and tourism operations and perspectives on the future direction of sustainability education in this subject.</p> 2021-06-02T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/806 Android Based Application to Ensure Medical Adherence: CareWise 2021-06-05T06:07:14+0530 Anushka Prashant Amte anushkaamte@gmail.com Bryan Francis bryanfrancis619@gmail.com Elisha Halona Edwin Gras elishahalonagras@gmail.com Sini Anna Reji siniannareji@gmail.com <p>In this fast-paced world, it is difficult to balance one’s domestic and professional life. Often, we have seen our grandparents forget things that are a part of their routine for like their medication. Many of them need to take their medicines at a fixed time, due to their age they often forget their scheduled medicines which can sometimes have consequences on their health. Therefore, we feel that there is need for an application to help our fellow senior citizens with their medication by the usage of image and a general description. By doing so we feel that this application can act as a helping hand to better monitor their health. This application will have features which will help them sort out medicines based on their name, image and description. A scheduled calendar will help them plan their medicine more efficiently. Reminders ensure that they don’t forget the medications. This application will provide a very easy to use interface that the elderly can easily navigate through without any qualms.</p> 2021-06-05T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/810 Soil Stabilization using Waste Cotton Clothes Coated with Bitumen 2021-06-05T08:24:33+0530 Prathamesh Wagare wagareprathamesh@gmail.com Shubham Sutar wagareprathamesh@gmail.com Shruthi Virapannanavar wagareprathamesh@gmail.com <p>Properties of soil can be enhanced by using different stabilization techniques. Cotton clothes have a high tensile Strength as compare to natural fibers. In this study waste cotton clothes coated with bitumen were used for stabilization of soil. As waste cotton clothes are cost effective and eco-friendly, they can be modified and used as effective reinforcement material/stabilizer. Experiment was carried out by adding 1% and 2% of waste cotton cloth coated with bitumen to improve its strength characteristics.</p> 2021-06-05T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/820 Application of Taguchi Approach to Forecast the Wages of Persian Silk Carpet Weavers 2021-06-07T06:43:16+0530 Kazem Reza Kashyzadeh Kazem.kashyzadeh@gmail.com Ali Habibi Darounkola Kazem.kashyzadeh@gmail.com <p>One of the remarkable phenomena in recent years is the growing trend of globalization. Iran is also seeking to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) to expand non-oil exports and presence in global markets, and is currently a member of the organization's oversight body. Handmade industries such as hand woven carpet are one of the important trades that can be studied for this purpose. Exports of handmade carpets have fluctuated over different time periods. Despite maintaining its international position as the rank of the largest exporter of handmade carpets, the export position of handmade carpets is decreasing as compared to other Iranian exports. Handmade carpet craftsmanship is a complementary activity of agricultural and rural businesses, but due to the considerable number of workers and the small share of carpet value added in the national economy, it does not have a suitable condition. Other influential parameters such as rivals (e.g., China, India, Pakistan, and Turkey), etc. have caused the economic conditions of this industry to be unstable. In this regard, one of the best and most appropriate ways to compete with other countries is to reduce production costs and, consequently, reduce product prices. This factor includes various variables, including weavers' wages. Unfortunately, there is no definite and elaborate program for determining the wages of handmade silk carpet weavers in Iran according to the standard. In fact, in some cities, the weavers' wages determine based on the texture conditions, texture parameters, economic conditions of the country, and other parameters by carpet wage boards that consist of several carpet experts. In this way, there is the possibility of mistakes and the loss of the rights of weavers or producers due to the entry of personal opinion and the failure to classify the effect of different parameters on the final point.</p> <p>The main purpose of this study is to collect various parameters affecting the wages of handmade carpet weavers in Iran. According to a collection of statistical data obtained from the country's most popular producers, the effects of different parameters were investigated through the Design of Experiment (DOE). Finally, the effect of each parameter was expressed as a percentage using Taguchi Approach (TA). The most important achievement of this research is that the obtained results can be used to prevent the loss of rights of the people by providing an appropriate formula and detail table.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/808 Strategic Tower Defence Game 2021-06-07T10:23:56+0530 Dhinakar Gogi dhinakargogi.25@gmail.com Nayan Shingare nayanshingare93@gmail.com Aditya Jadhav Adijad0610@gmail.com Joel Thomas jt03092001@gmail.com Dakshayani G dhinakargogi.25@gmail.com <p>This research is based on intelligent strategy game known as Tower Defence in which players have to make strategic decisions to defend their tower from their enemies.</p> <p>This an interesting game where people can test their wits. In this game&nbsp; the players can build and upgrade their tower to prevent higher damage&nbsp; from enemies.</p> <p>This game requires quick strategic decisions and is fun to play. There are wide array of weapons/equipments that the player can access by using earning points.</p> <p>This game is developed by using Unity platform using C#.</p> <p>This game is easy and understandable as compare to other tower defence games available in market and can be played by players of all&nbsp; age. This intelligent strategy game is highly competitive and will help sharpen your brain too.</p> 2021-06-07T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/815 The Relationship between Fungal Growth Rate and Temperature and Humidity 2021-06-09T12:18:14+0530 Zhichao Zhan 2365798741@qq.com Meiling Xu zzc010324@163.com Yue Li zzc010324@163.com Meihua Dong zzc010324@163.com <p>In order to determine the relation among the three factors of wood fiber decomposition rate, mycelial elongation and moisture resistance, our team resorted to the Monod equation and the modified Logistic equation. Combing with the kinetic principle and the law of mass action, the equations between the decomposition rate of wood fiber, the elongation rate of mycelium and the moisture resistance were established. In the course of solving the model, we found that when the temperature ranges from 24℃ to 28℃ and the relative humidity from 60% to75%, the growth rate of fungi is the fastest.</p> 2021-06-09T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/828 India’s Foreign Trade – An Overview 2021-06-12T10:50:42+0530 Dr. Manoj Mishra manojkmishra12@gmail.com <p>Export-Play, Important Role of any country’s business India is one among these countries that have been exporting a large number of product and raw material to other countries to earn economy wealth. India is 19<sup>th </sup>largest export economy. India’s overall, export- in 2019-20 was US $ 313138.5 million and total import was US $ 473995.2 million and trade balance was US $ 160856.7 million. The main object of the paper is to analyse the structural change in foreign trade- Under new Exim policy. The period of the study is from 2010-11 to 2019-20. The result shows that USA, UAE, Hongkong, UK, Germany, Saudi Arbia and China accounted from more than 40% of export from India at the world level. India total export which was US $ 330078.1 million in the year 2018-19 decline to US $ 313138.5 million in the year 2019-20. The total export from India decreased by 5.13% from the year 2018-19 to year 2019-20. In the year 2019-20 the share in total export from India to USA is 16.95%, UAE 9.21%, China 5.30%, Hongkong 3.50%, UK 2.79%, Germany 2.64%, and Saudi Arbia 1.99%. India’s total import in the year 2019-20 was US $ 473995.2 million which China contributed by 37.76%, USA 7.52%, Saudi Ariba 3.60%, Hongkong 3.5%, UAE .38% and Germany 2.81%,. The result show that USA is most important trading partner followed by UAE an UK, Hongkong, China and other countries.</p> 2021-06-12T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/829 Women Safety Night Patrolling Robot Using IOT 2021-06-12T11:48:54+0530 M Renu Babu renubabum@tkrec.ac.in B Hari Krishna renubabum@tkrec.ac.in G Rakesh renubabum@tkrec.ac.in M Sai Tejashri renubabum@tkrec.ac.in Y Parichitha renubabum@tkrec.ac.in <p>India's greatest threat is the safety of its women. Women do not feel safe in a variety of situations. This needs to be addressed as quickly as feasible. Technology evolves and develops on a daily basis, affecting how people live. As a result, the focus of this article is on modernising the technological framework in order to strengthen women's safety mechanisms. We introduce a new security method in this study to protect women during unusual behaviours. A new security technique based on a patrolling robot using the Raspberry Pi has been proposed. In this case, a night vision camera can be employed to secure any location. Various machine learning methods are applied to improve the classifier's accuracy. The findings suggest that the suggested method outperforms existing methods.</p> 2021-06-12T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/830 Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World 2021-06-13T07:02:31+0530 Dr. Ravi Sidhu ravneetamanr@gmail.com <p>The global epidemic of the Corona virus has wreaked havoc on a variety of industries. One of them is the education industry. Due to Covid-19, governments all around the world have begun temporarily closing schools and colleges. School and university closures would not only have a short-term impact on the continuity of learning for India's more than 285 million young learners, but will also have far-reaching economic and societal ramifications as the days pass with no rapid way to stop the breakout of Covid-19.</p> 2021-06-12T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/833 IOT Cloud Based Real Time Automobile Monitoring System 2021-06-14T12:16:10+0530 M Renu Babu renubabum@tkrec.ac.in B P. Pramod Reddy renubabum@tkrec.ac.in B. Manisha renubabum@tkrec.ac.in M. Anusha renubabum@tkrec.ac.in S. Vaishnavi renubabum@tkrec.ac.in <p>Smart sensing has had a significant impact on defining our future in recent years. The field of IOT is a recent technical innovation that has caused a change in lifestyle (Internet of things). IoT refers to the internetworking of physical equipment and other items that are equipped with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity to allow data to be collected from them. Transportation is a booming industry in India, with the number of vehicles on the road increasing by the day. Monitoring vehicle metrics such as gasoline, temperature, and battery level without having to touch the car is perfect. In this digital age, a digital locking mechanism is desperately needed. When your vehicle is not with you, vehicle tracking is also essential. Here, car tracking is designed using GPS to conveniently locate the user's vehicle. The IoT cloud-based real-time automotive monitoring system is capable of monitoring our vehicle's metrics such as fuel level, battery level, engine temperature, and speed, as well as tracking the driver's alcohol percentage via an Android application. We receive an alert when one of these metrics crosses a certain threshold. Its Smart RFID digital key secures your vehicle even more than keys do. We may save our vehicle documents, driver's licences, insurance copies, and other documents in this project's Android application. Whenever an accident occurs, send a message to trusted people with the location.</p> 2021-06-14T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/800 Comparative Effect of Grinded and Ungrinded Palm Kernel Shell on the Strength of Pavers 2021-06-15T06:51:35+0530 Aluko, K.A aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng Elesho, R.O aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng Aderemi, A.M. aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng Adedipe, J.O. aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng Adewoye, A.A aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng Ogunwale, O.G. aderemi.am@frin.gov.ng <p>Paving stones are increasing, being used by corporate bodies and individual for its functionalities and aesthetic value, the production of pavers over the years have been specifically carried out using stone dust which is relatively expensive and not readily affordable to the common man. This study was carried out to determine comparative effect of grinded and un-grinded palm kernel shell on the strength of pavers. Stone dust, river sand, grinded palm kernel shell, un-grinded palm kernel shell and cement were combine in different ratio namely,T<sub>1</sub>(4,0,0,0,l), T<sub>2</sub>(0,2,2,0,l), T<sub>3</sub> (1,2,0,1,1), T<sub>4</sub>(1,1,2,0,l), T<sub>5</sub>(1,1,0,2,l), T<sub>6</sub>(0,2,l ,l,1) respectively to form six treatment with two replicates. The pavers were tested for weight and strength properties, T<sub>3</sub> has the highest value of the mean weight while T<sub>1</sub> has the lowest value. T<sub>3 </sub>(stone dust (1),river sand (2), un-grinded palm kernel shell (1) and 25kg of cement (1)), T<sub>1</sub>(stone dust (4) and 25kg of cement (1)).Also, the compressive strength results show that T<sub>3</sub> also has the highest value of 127Mpa(Mega pascal) whileT<sub>6</sub> has the lowest value of 33Mpa (Mega pascal). The data collected was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine the difference in the strength of the pavers. The analysis of variance shows that there is no significant difference between the compressive strength of the treatments. The colour of the paver shows that the paver produced with river sand and un-grinded palm kernel shell is brighter and stronger than others, it is then recommended that T<sub>3</sub> can be used in the production of pavers because it is strong and can also withstand environmental stress.</p> 2021-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/824 Characterizing Automobile Industrial Wastewater and its Impacts on Surrounding Water Quality 2021-06-15T11:13:19+0530 Ugwu Samson Nnaemeka samnnaemeka.ugwu@unn.edu.ng Anyadike Chinenye Samnnaemeka.ugwu@unn.edu.ng Ugwuishiwu Boniface Samnnaemeka.ugwu@unn.edu.ng Ndulue Emeka Samnnaemeka.ugwu@unn.edu.ng <p>The wastewater from industries varies so greatly in both flow and pollution strength. So, it is impossible to assign fixed values to their constituents. It is necessary to pretreat the wastes prior to release to the municipal system since lack of adequate treatment of the effluent can cause deterioration of the ecosystem, die off and contamination of the aquatic environment. These adverse effects necessitated the study of wastewater effect on surface water body at Emene Industrial Layout, Enugu State, Nigeria. Wastewater samples were collected, analyzed and compared with the plot of treatment means. The results obtained from the study were compared with WHO and NIS 554 water standards. The wastewater analysis suggested that contaminant at the untreated stage was very high. The results of the treated and river sample were within the WHO and NIS 554 allowable water ranges. Samples at discharge point recorded increased values which suggest high re-contamination along the open channel (from non-point sources) before discharge. This calls for proper monitoring and treatment of the industrial effluent prior to ground water recharge or discharge to surface water.</p> 2021-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/826 Saudi Cement Industry - A Comparative Study of Profitability Position during Economic Slowdown 2021-06-15T12:07:46+0530 Dr. Shahid Husain s.husain@seu.edu.sa Dr. Maysoon Khoja m.khoja@seu.edu.sa <p>Infrastructure is one of the favorite projects of every developed and developing nation. Construction industry occupies a prominent place in the infrastructure development of a country. Cement is one the elementary material components in the construction industry. Saudi Arabia has shown a weaker performance in generation of revenue over a period of five years from 2015 to 2019. In a situation of economic slowdown it becomes a challenge for the business concerns to maintain their profitability. The present study is designed to analyze and compare the profitability position of cement companies in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia during this period. The study belongs to top five cement companies in terms of market value and revenue generation in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To measure the profitability gross profit ratio, operating ratio, operating profit ratio, net profit ratio and return on investment have been used as variables. One way anova has been used to test the hypotheses. The study shows that these companies do not differ significantly from one another in terms of gross profit, operating profit and net profit but they differ significantly when return on investment is compared. Cement companies can increase their profitability by improving the components of those ratios that have been the cause of decline in profitability.</p> 2021-06-15T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/836 Financial Tracker using NLP 2021-06-17T07:35:34+0530 Kartik Baliyan dhurav1997@gmail.com Shubham Vishnoi subhamvishnoi160@gmaill.com Dr. Swati Sharma swati.sharma.it@miet.ac.in <p>NLP (Natural Language Processing)&nbsp;is a&nbsp;mechanism that helps computers&nbsp;to know&nbsp;natural languages like English. In general, computers can understand data, tables etc. which are well formed. But when it&nbsp;involves&nbsp;natural languages,&nbsp;it's&nbsp;unacceptable&nbsp;for computers&nbsp;to spot&nbsp;them. NLP helps to translate the&nbsp;tongue&nbsp;in such&nbsp;a fashion&nbsp;which will&nbsp;be easily processed by modern computers. Financial Tracker is an approach&nbsp;which will&nbsp;use NLP as a tool&nbsp;and can&nbsp;differentiate the user messages in various categories.&nbsp;the appliance&nbsp;of the approach&nbsp;will be&nbsp;seen at multiple levels. At&nbsp;a personal&nbsp;level,&nbsp;this permits&nbsp;users to&nbsp;filtrate&nbsp;useful financial messages from&nbsp;an large&nbsp;junk of text messages. On&nbsp;the opposite&nbsp;hand, from an industrial point of view,&nbsp;this can be&nbsp;useful in services like online loan disbursal, which are hitting the market&nbsp;nowadays. These services&nbsp;attempt to&nbsp;provide online loans to individuals&nbsp;in an exceedingly&nbsp;faster and quicker manner. But when it&nbsp;involves&nbsp;business view, loan recovery from customers becomes&nbsp;a really&nbsp;important &amp; crucial aspect. As most such services can’t take strict legal actions against the fraud customers, it becomes a requirement that loan should be provided only to those customers who deserve it. At&nbsp;that time, this model can come under&nbsp;the image. As a business&nbsp;we will&nbsp;find the user’s messages from their inbox (after taking permission from the users). These messages&nbsp;are often&nbsp;filtered using NLP&nbsp;which might&nbsp;help to differentiate various&nbsp;types of&nbsp;messages&nbsp;within the&nbsp;user's inbox&nbsp;which might&nbsp;further be used as a&nbsp;content&nbsp;for further prediction and analysis on user’s behaviour in terms&nbsp;of cash&nbsp;related transactions.</p> 2021-06-17T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/837 Business Networking and Performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria 2021-06-17T10:45:28+0530 Adudu, Chiangi Adudu aduduson4@gmail.com Indyer, Gideon Terlumun aduduson4@gmail.com Abdulazeez Olawale Kabiru aduduson4@gmail.com <p>The impact of business networking on the performance of SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria is investigated in this study. The study focuses on the impact of network governance, network content, and network structure on SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria. The study employs a survey design, with a questionnaire serving as the data gathering tool. The study's population consists of 650 licenced SMEs in Benue State, with a sample size of 242 obtained via stratified sampling. The KMO and Bartlett's tests show that variables are highly significant, and principal component analysis was appropriate at 0.631. The reliability test-retest result revealed a reliability index of (0.702). Regression analysis was used to examine and present the data received from the businesses surveyed. Network governance (42.2 percent), network content (30.2 percent), and network structure (46.2 percent) all have a positive and significant effect on the performance of SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria, according to the results of tested hypotheses. According to the study's findings, business networking in a business environment is concerned with characteristics such as network governance, network content, and network structure, which create the foundation upon which SMEs connect with their surroundings. The research also revealed that business networking has a significant impact on SMEs' performance. SMEs working in any business environment should build up a formation structure that allows them to engage freely within the environment, according to the report.</p> 2021-06-17T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/838 Power Failure Detection System and Intimation over Internet 2021-06-19T06:19:08+0530 V.Saritha ale.ramashankar@gmail.com A.Ramashankar ale.ramashankar@gmail.com K.Laxmiprasanna ale.ramashankar@gmail.com P.Suma ale.ramashankar@gmail.com S.Gouthami ale.ramashankar@gmail.com <p>Electricity is a crucial and necessary aspect of modern life. Electricity is used to power appliances, computers, electronics, machinery, and public transportation systems, as well as for lighting, heating, cooling, and refrigeration.</p> <p>When the electricity goes out, understanding what caused it can help you predict when it will be restored. The weather is the primary cause of power outages. Human mistake, equipment failure, and scheduled maintenance could all be factors.</p> <p>As a result, we're using this project to detect power outages and notify users via a connected smartphone notification.</p> 2021-06-19T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/840 Factors Implicated in Smartphone Usage Distressing Individual 2021-06-21T07:02:26+0530 Nidhi Singh nidhiks7@gmail.com Prof. Sanjay Medhavi nidhiks7@gmail.com <p>In today’s era usage of communication technology is increasing day by day whether it may be in the field of education or any other field. The dependency on these technological devices has been increased; it may be fruitful on one hand and problematic from some aspects on other side. People are not realizing the negative aspects of the usage but when they were asked they seemed to neglect the negative aspects as they are not concerned but some other day it will certainly affect them. The present study was done to identify the communication technology induced stressor, exploratory factor analysis has been done on the data collected&nbsp; from 427 respondent and nine factor&nbsp; are extracted containing variables which simply explains the smartphone uses stressor that&nbsp; and those factors may be used for further analysis in&nbsp; various studies related to smartphone usage.</p> 2021-06-21T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/841 Project Management Procedure for the Construction of Cooled Stores for Drugs and Medicine on Iraq 2021-06-21T12:30:22+0530 Abdulrasul Rahaif Radhi Ogaili alradhi88@gmail.com Dr. AHMET GÜLLÜ alradhi88@gmail.com <p>Iraq is one of the countries that fluctuates in the climate greatly, as well as is characterized by a very hot summer, so the cold storage sector is very important in this country, especially medicine and medical supplies stores. The warehouse sector is one of the most important construction sectors. It includes many facilities, the most important of which are cold stores. After researching and investigating the necessary data in managing this type of project, it was found that there is a great shortage in that data, and this deficiency may be one of the reasons for the failure of this sector in Iraq. In order to evaluate the information and available data related to the management of cold store projects, a questionnaire was asked to take the opinion of engineers and specialists in this field. The questionnaire included several axes, and each axis included a group of questions. The questions were divided depending on their relationship to each other. The questions included gender, age, specialization, experience and the fact that the engineer previously worked in project management and other questions. This article proposes waterfall framework as project management framework for the studied case projects.</p> 2021-06-21T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/842 Comparative Analysis of Equivalent Material based on MFI 2021-06-22T05:51:41+0530 Mahesh Zope mahesh.k.zope@gmail.com Pratik Sonawane pratik.sonawane18@gmail.com Deepti Marathe mahesh.k.zope@gmail.com <p>Polymers of the same family show distinct behavior with each other and because of this, the end prediction after molding the part is very difficult. Simulations result does not always match the product. For close substitution in absence of exactly known material composition, the equivalent grade of the same MFI may be used. However, the MFI is a poor indicator of the rheological behavior to be comprehend for accurate simulation. This research analyzes the appropriate parameters for the rheology of polymers, in the same class that are appropriate.</p> 2021-06-22T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/835 Benefits of Project Management to Realizing Sustainable Buildings 2021-06-22T06:31:46+0530 Oday M. A. Abdullah odayabdullah320@gmail.com Umut H. İNAN odayabdullah320@gmail.com Al-Hadidy A.I. odayabdullah320@gmail.com <p>Sustainable materials are becoming popular worldwide in terms of ecologically friendly structures that deal with pollution controls, climate change, global temperature increase, and resource conservation issues. Consequently, the researchers believe that simply using sustainable materials to design and create a building is insufficient.</p> <p>This article discusses several elements of sustainable construction planning including site choice mostly through the proposed project, material classification mostly through the life cycle, analysis time, cost, and commodity controls, reliability and stability, occupant health, manufacturing methodologies and procedures, and design concepts based on advanced ideas. The article argues that by integrating the choice of building components and construction strategic planning practices into the project, the productivity and consequently the reliability of the building could be significantly improved.</p> <p>The article also discusses the advantages and requirements of sustainable construction, the managerial roles in construction procedure, management processes, and a correlation of conventional construction planning and sustainable project management. The research paper indicates that the objective of constructing an environmentally friendly building is simply fully done when the notion of sustainability is integrated into every phase of the construction approach and that the procedures are not restricted to using recycled practices.</p> 2021-06-22T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/843 Investigation of Deformation Analysis of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Injection Molded Component 2021-06-22T08:03:13+0530 Pratik Sonawane pratik.sonawane18@gmail.com Mahesh Zope pratik.sonawane18@gmail.com Deepti Marathe pratik.sonawane18@gmail.com <p>Warpage is one of the most crucial problems in injection molded products. Factors affecting warpage include Material, Part geometry, gate location, Fiber content &amp; orientation, temperature, etc. Since many factors cause shrinkage and warpage, it is very difficult to distinguish the predominant factor. In the present study, we have focused on contribution of fiber content on warpage of injection molded part. Basic requirement of the part is flatness at sealing area within given tolerance. The required flatness should be within a given tolerance for effective functioning of the component. Flow simulation software has been used to assess the effect of fiber content on warpage and in turn flatness of the component.</p> 2021-06-22T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/839 Optimization on Spot Weld Parameters in Resistance Spot Welding Process on AISI 304 2021-06-23T06:06:55+0530 Amit Hazari hazariamit94@GMAIL.COM Rith Saha rithsaha1195@gmail.com Bidisha Ghosh bidisha.mechanical@gmail.com Debraj Sengupta debarpansen@gmail.com Sayan Sarkar SAYAN849@GMAIL.COM Nia Mehra nidhimahato13@gmail.com <p>The spot welding procedure is used in a variety of industrial applications. The most critical elements influencing welding quality, productivity, and cost are the spot welding parameters. This research examines the effect of welding factors such as welding current and welding time on the strength of various welding joint designs. Resistance spot welding (RSW) is used in the automotive industry for manufacturing. This research focused on the optimization of process parameters for resistance spot welding (RSW), as well as the tensile testing and spot weld diameter. The goals of this analysis are to comprehend the physics of the process and to demonstrate the effect of electrical current, weld time, and material type on the resistance spot welding process.</p> 2021-06-22T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/844 A Simulation Study on Warpage Analysis of Injection Moulded Plastic Part 2021-06-24T06:43:17+0530 Sanam Shikalgar shikalgarsanam@gmail.com Mahesh Zope shikalgarsanam@gmail.com Pratik Sonawane shikalgarsanam@gmail.com Deepti Marathe shikalgarsanam@gmail.com <p>A part to be injection molded is evaluated by simulation for warpage analysis. The plastic part is a supporting plate to be used in the oil filter and it’s made out of nylon material. The effect of various parameters from design to processing of plastic parts is considered and validated by simulation results. The research involved in this was designing mould, computer-aided engineering, simulation analysis, and determination of plastic part processing conditions.</p> <p>In this work PA66 (Grade name – Zytel 70G13HS1LNC010) material is used and the material contains 13 % of fiber. Fiber orientation is nothing but the distribution of plastic melt inside the cavity and it also plays important role in deciding the warpage of part.</p> <p>The effect of process parameters on part warpage is investigated from various aspects in comparison with the conventional runner system. Hot runner mould system with innovative cooling channel designs is good results-driven. Results of simulations reveal that elevated mould temperature reduces the unwanted freezing time during the injection phase and thus improves mouldability and enhances part quality. Under similar mould temperature conditions, the effect of process parameters on warpage decreases according to the following order, packing time, packing pressure, melt temperature, injection pressure, and cooling time respectively.</p> 2021-06-24T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/847 Effects of Process Parameters on Electrical Discharge Machining Performance Measures on D3 Steel 2021-06-28T06:46:03+0530 Amit Hazari hazariamit94@gmail.com Amir Sohel hazariamit94@gmail.com Arijit Halder hazariamit94@gmail.com Sabuj Sarkar hazariamit94@gmail.com Rajib Samanta hazariamit94@gmail.com Bibek Kumar Das hazariamit94@gmail.com <p>One of the most significant factors to consider in the majority of manufacturing processes, particularly those involving Electrical Discharge Machining, is the proper selection of manufacturing conditions (EDM). It can machine geometrically complex or hard material components that are precise and difficult to machine, such as heat treated tool brass, copper, steels, composites, super alloys, ceramics, carbides, heat resistant steels, and so on. It is widely used in the die and mould making industries, aerospace, aeronautics, and nuclear industries.</p> <p>According to the literature review, some study has been done to determine the ideal levels of machining parameters that provide the greatest machining quality in the machining of difficult-to-machine materials such as hot die steel H-11 and D3 STEEL.</p> <p>H-11 hot die steel is widely utilised in hot-work forging, extrusion, punching tools, mandrels, mechanical press forging dies, plastic mould and die-casting dies, aviation landing gears, helicopter rotor blades and shafts, and other applications. A comparative examination of electro discharge machining (EDM) of D3 STEEL alloy employing brass electrodes was conducted as part of this project. Material removal rate (MRR) and overcut were used to evaluate the process' performance. During the testing, the pulse on time, pulse off time, and peak current were varied, and a brass electrode with a tubular cross section was used to cut through holes in a D3steel alloy workpiece. The machined surfaces were subjected to metallographic examination.</p> <p>To limit the overall number of tests, a well-designed experimental system was adopted. The whale's optimization algorithm was used for some of the experiment.</p> <p>The goal of this study was to look at the impact of various EDM process parameters on machining quality and to come up with the best set of process parameters to improve the quality of machined parts. The EDM process parameters' working ranges and levels are determined using a one-factor-at-a-time approach. The Taguchi technique was used to examine the effects of EDM process parameters and, as a result, forecast sets of ideal parameters for the best quality attributes. The empirical models for response characteristics were developed using response surface methodology (RSM) in conjunction with second order central composite rotatable design. Desirability functions were utilised to optimise multiple performance measurements at the same time. Confirmation experiments on the whale's optimization algorithm are also carried out to verify the results.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/848 Wire EDM Parameters for Surface Roughness in Straight Gear Manufacturing: An Experimental Study 2021-06-28T07:15:45+0530 Amit Hazari hazariamit94@gmail.com Samsul Mondal hazariamit94@gmail.com Rajibul Sekh hazariamit94@gmail.com Aziz Md SK hazariamit94@gmail.com Purnendu Singha hazariamit94@gmail.com Rajesh Biswas hazariamit94@gmail.com <p>The gears are an essential component of any system. A gear is a spinning circular machine part with cut teeth, or inserted teeth (called cogs) in the case of a cogwheel or gearwheel, which mesh with another toothed part to convey torque. A gear is sometimes referred as a cog colloquially. Geared devices can adjust a power source's speed, torque, and direction. To eliminate backlash, high precision is required while making gears. Wire cut EDM is a high-precision machining technology that may manufacture high-precision straight gear. The goal of this research is to use the WEDM Process on an EMS 45 to determine the surface roughness of the workpiece and to optimise the influence of current and wire speed on the surface roughness of the straight gear. Wire cut machining parameters employed were 4, 6, and 8 amperes of current and 9, 11, and 13 mm/min of wire speed. Wire has a diameter of 0.25 mm, and the cutting material is brass. It has been demonstrated that as current and wire speed increase, surface roughness decreases, and vice versa. As a result, reduced machine settings can be used to generate a smoother and better workpiece surface.</p> 2021-06-28T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/850 Awareness of Farmers about the Primary Agriculture Credit Societies (With Special Reference of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) 2021-07-01T06:34:20+0530 Damini Goswami mayankjindal.512@gmail.com Mayank Jindal mayankjindal.512@gmail.com <p>Primary Agriculture Credit Society is a basic unit and smallest cooperative credit institution in India. It works on the grass-root level (gram panchayat and village level). Primary Agriculture Credit Society is formed at the village or town level. It is the old cooperative credit system of India. Primary Agriculture Credit Society was designed to be a village-level credit society into which the farmers brought in share capital, deposits, and provide loans to each other. This study aims to assess the Awareness of Farmers about the Primary Agricultural Credit Societies with Special Reference to Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. 58% of farmers know about primary agriculture credit societies and this study will useful for the rural areas policymakers and this study will also useful for many other stakeholders.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/845 Applying Brain Computer Interface Technology for Playing Games 2021-06-30T07:27:24+0530 Ankit Mehta parmaradarsh15@gmail.com Adarsh Singh parmaradarsh15@gmail.com Anshu Kumar parmaradarsh15@gmail.com Ankit Katewa parmaradarsh15@gmail.com Dr. N K Bansode parmaradarsh15@gmail.com <p>Brain Computer Interfaces are specialized systems that allows users to control computer applications using their brain waves.&nbsp;&nbsp; Initially, BCI were mostly used in medical field. But after some research and thanks to consumer-grade electroencephalography (EEG) devices, many applications and research opportunities were opened outside of the medical field. One particular area that is gaining more evidence due to the arrival consumer-grade devices is that of computer games, as it allows more user-friendly applications of BCI technology for the general public.&nbsp; In this report, we are going to talk about one of those games, Maze game.&nbsp; It will be a 2D maze, path known to the user.&nbsp; Using the EEG device named Neurosky Brain Wave Kit user will be able to move the avatar in order to reach the goal from the starting position.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/854 Investigation on Behaviour of Cold Formed Deep Joist Channel Section 2021-07-05T05:15:10+0530 Aravinth.S aravinthselvaraj754@gmail.com Kaarthik.M aravinthselvaraj754@gmail.com <p>The application of cold formed steel elements in construction is becoming very popular due to several advantages like Speedy construction, higher strength to weight ratio, dimensional stability and recycled material. Nowadays, CFS is proposed to use as building components as beams, columns, Joists, wall panels etc. The load carrying capacity of cold-formed steel (CFS) joists can be enhanced by employing optimization techniques. Recent research studies have mainly focused on optimizing the bending capacity of conventional channel with and without lips that are used as joists.&nbsp; The objective of the study is to examine the flexural strength, failure mode and load-deflection of the cold formed steel double furred channel section with and without web openings under flexure.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/855 Investigation on Flexural Behaviour of Cold Formed Latticed Built-Up Beam 2021-07-05T05:51:52+0530 Vishnu Vardan.A vishnuvardan.kkr@gmail.com Kaarthik.M vishnuvardan.kkr@gmail.com <p>There are two structural members used in steel construction the hot rolled members and the cold formed members. They are light members compared to the traditional heavier hot rolled steel structural members used in the field. They have high strength to weight ratio resulting in less dead weight making it a good option in construction of bridges roof trusses transmission line towers multi storied buildings and other structural members. This paper is done to understand the flexural capacity and to enhance it by developing innovative latticed cold formed steel beam. The impact of web opening of the cold formed beam on the flexural behavior of cold formed built-up I section under two point loading is investigated for the simply supported end conditions. Numerical analysis is performed using finite element analysis (FEM) software. From results, the load vs. Deflection curve, failure modes and ultimate load carrying capacity of the specimen presented in this paper. Therefore the main focus of this project is to investigate the flexural behavior of these steel members and by replacing the lattice hot rolled section by cold formed steel sections. The ultimate load carrying capacity with failure mode of simulated FEA models was compared with experimental results.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/849 Impact of Cultural Differences in Marketing on Buying Behaviour 2021-07-05T07:12:38+0530 Anushka Naik anushkka.naik25@gmail.com Avantika Sharma anushkka.naik25@gmail.com <p>Culture and differences in culture across the globe form an important aspect of marketing. One of the biggest factors that is taken into consideration by both marketing analysts and consumers is culture. Cultural Marketing, therefore, has gained importance as a way of marketing and market research. Especially when it comes to international trade and global marketing. The volatile nature of cultures as a concept makes it very difficult to predict the success or failure of a product or service. Cultural differences in marketing, therefore form the fundamental decision-making factors in the international marketing arena. This paper studies the consumers’ perception towards marketing strategies that align with their culture and the subsequent decisions they are likely to take based on these factions. Understanding this psychology is crucial to ensuring that a company can get a good return on its market investments while still generating a profit. Hence understanding the culture of a particular region before entering it is crucial and can play a huge role in the success of the company in that region.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/857 The Automation of Critical Path Method using Machine Learning: A Conceptual Study 2021-07-06T05:37:49+0530 Othman Aljumaili othman.adnan.ibrahim@gmail.com <p>This research aims to shed light on the use of machine learning in improving, developing and automating the critical path method, solving its problems, studying this effect and its dimensions, and discussing that from many aspects.</p> <p>The research is divided into two theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part is concerned with studying the critical path method and its advantages, problems and challenges, as well as studying machine learning and artificial intelligence and its dimensions, reviewing materials and sources related to this, and then presenting suggestions and future solutions based on this study. As for the practical section, it is a questionnaire that targeted a segment of engineers, in particular, and others who have sufficient experience in both the critical path method and machine learning, and seeking their opinions on both topics.</p> <p>The result of the theoretical research was 14 theories or proposals that were presented based on the foregoing study. As for the practical questionnaire, a sample of 127 was taken. Through statistical analysis, the results were analyzed and discussed separately, and then a conclusion was drawn regarding them.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/859 Financial Development, Financial Openness and Economic Growth in Nigeria 2021-07-06T07:23:34+0530 Christian E. Bassey xebazy04@gmail.com Okoiarikpo Benjamin Okoi okoibenokoi@gmail.com Ikpe Kingsley Imoh kngslyikpe@yahoo.com <p>This study examined the impact of financial development and financial openness on economic growth in Nigeria between 1981 and 2019. This was done through the use of the Auto-Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model. In doing this, the ratio of credit to the private sector to the GDP and broad money to narrow money were used as measures of financial development and financial openness respectively. The study found that financial development has a positive and insignificant impact on economic growth in Nigeria in the long and short-run. The study also found that financial openness has a negative and insignificant impact on economic growth in Nigeria in the long-run. The results of the study further revealed that simultaneous existence of financial development and financial openness has an insignificant but positive impact on economic growth in Nigeria in the long-run. Based on the findings, the study recommended that the CBN should increase its efforts towards the regulation and supervision of the financial sector to reduce the incidence of financial distress. The study also recommended that efforts to develop the mortgage and insurance sector and the capital market should be intensified through regulatory improvements, improvements in the instruments in use in the market as well as public enlightenment programs to increase awareness of the potentials of the mortgage, insurance and capital markets. The final recommendation made by the study is that more restrictions should be placed on the inflow of capital in and out of the country to guard against sudden capital flow reversals.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/860 Novel Approach for Forecasting Sugarcane Crop Yield: A Real-Time Prediction 2021-07-06T08:27:10+0530 Ankit Kumar ankitsiet103@gmail.com Anil Kumar Kapil anilkdk@gmail.com <p>Agriculture is an environment in which there is considerable confusion. Crop development depends largely on several variables, including climate, temperature, genetics, politics and economics. In addition, a huge number of raw agriculture statistics are available, but study of those details for estimating crop yield is quite challenging. The most challenging job is therefore to include accurate details and awareness about the raw farm data. In order to evaluate cultivation yield, data mining could customize data expertise. The objective of this study was to predict crop yields through the use of data mining technological advances. Moreover, this paper compared&nbsp;various classification algorithms and it is expected that the results of the study may enhance the actual&nbsp;yields of sugarcane in a wide number of tropical fields. The specifications used in the forecast were plot (soil size, plant area, rain distance, previous&nbsp;year's plant yield), sugar-cane characteristics (cane class and sort), crop cultivation procedure (normal water resource size, cultivation technique, disease management process, sort / procedure of fertilizer) as well as rain quantity.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/862 Modelling & Simulation of PV Module Connected with Three-Port DC Converter 2021-07-08T03:14:59+0530 Eahraz Ahmad eeahrazahmad@gmail.com Faizan A Khan fzn@iul.ac.in Prabhat R Sarkar prabhat@iul.ac.in <p>Of the world’s electricity is being generated through conventional sources of energy like coal and atomic energy. People have realized the dire effect of using these fuels, and the amount of CO2 being released into the environment. There has been a shift in emphasis towards cleaner ways of generating electricity in recent years. Solar energy is abundantly available and the cleanest renewable energy source available in the world and is &nbsp;ready to use for a variety of applications, such as the generation of electricity for residential, commercial, or industrial consumption and have become very competitive solutions. It can be seen that there is trend of solar photovoltaics (PV), which has seen rapid growth over the years. The increasing trend of adopting PV system allows consumers to be known as producers or “Prosumers”.</p> <p>This report evaluates how solar PV can be used in combination with a battery bank along with three port converter to fulfill the requirement.&nbsp; Power production from PV cannot be consistent due to factors like the weather although The main benefits of solar power are that it can be easily installed cost of generation is low as there is no requirement for fuel and require very little maintenance Distributed maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and autonomous are achieved with the proposed configuration. The input-port of each TPC is connected to an independent PV energy source to achieve individual MPPT, and the output-ports of these TPCs are connected with load. Fully modular design is achieved by using Simulink/matlab.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/851 Applying Convolutional-GRU for Term Deposit Likelihood Prediction 2021-07-09T09:04:27+0530 Shawni Dutta shawnidutta83@gmail.com Payal Bose skb1@ieee.org Vishal Goyal vishal.goyal@gla.ac.in Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay 1954samir@gmail.com <p>Banks are normally offered two kinds of deposit accounts. It consists of deposits like current/saving account and term deposits like fixed or recurring deposits.For enhancing the maximized profit from bank as well as customer perspective, term deposit can accelerate uplifting of finance fields. This paper focuses on likelihood of term deposit subscription taken by the customers. Bank campaign efforts and customer detail analysis caninfluence term deposit subscription chances. An automated system is approached in this paper that works towards prediction of term deposit investment possibilities in advance. This paper proposes deep learning based hybrid model that stacks Convolutional layers and Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) layers as predictive model. For RNN, Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) is employed. The proposed predictive model is later compared with other benchmark classifiers such as k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Decision tree classifier (DT), and Multi-layer perceptron classifier (MLP). Experimental study concludesthat proposed model attainsan accuracy of 89.59% and MSE of 0.1041 which outperform wellother baseline models.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/878 A Study on Customer Preference towards Financial Services of Public and Private Sector Banks - A Comparative Study 2021-07-19T06:55:05+0530 Dr. Srinivas K.T. srinikeelara@gmail.com <p>The banking sector plays a significant role in the development of the economy, as it mobilizes deposits and provides credit to various sectors across business including individuals. The purpose of this study is to understand the customer preference of selecting banking services among public and private sector banks. This study is based on primary data obtained from customers of Public and Private sectors banks in Mandya district. The study reveals that Public sector banks have a greater number of branches and private sector banks have good and innovative products and customer friendly environment at branches. Both the sector banks have similarity in various services provided to the customers but as per the study public sector banks have attracted more customers than private sector banks in the study area, since their main focus is inclusive development of the society.</p> 2021-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research