International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-07-01T05:13:07+0530 IJEMR Journal Admin Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) is a "PRINT &amp; ONLINE" double-blind&nbsp;<a href="">peer-reviewed&nbsp;</a>"Bi-monthly" refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Engineering and Management subjects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">IJEMR is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, China, Indonesia and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on all Management, Computer Science &amp; Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Applications, Civil Engineering and other related topics.</p> Impact of International Student Enrollment on US Gross Domestic Product 2020-07-01T05:07:20+0530 Dr. Abhijeet Bhattacharya <p>The goal of this paper is to analyze the impact of international student enrollments on the US real gross domestic product. It is hypothesized that an increase in international student enrollment tends to have a positive impact on US real gross domestic product. It is also hypothesized that an increase in economic impact of international students has a positive impact on the US real gross domestic product. A regression model is formulated that consists of percentage increase in real gross domestic product (economic growth rate) as the dependent variable. The independent variables used in the regression model are annual percentage increase in international student enrollments in the US and the annual percentage increase in economic impact of the international students in the US. Data is collected from 2009 to 2015 from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and NAFSA.&nbsp; It is important to analyze the rationale as to why highly skilled immigration is vital for promotion of entrepreneurship and innovation in the US economy. The current administration is trying to undermine the positive impact of highly skilled immigration on the US economy. The issue is critically important in the prevailing political climate in the US economy. An attempt is also made to formulate strategies that would help in mitigating negative outcomes such as potential declines in revenues for US universities as well as decline in research and grant funding that would arise due to decrease in international student enrolments.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Super Fair Dominating Set in the Cartesian Product of Graphs 2020-07-01T05:07:52+0530 Glenna T. Gemina Enrico L. Enriquez <p>In this paper, we characterize the super fair dominating set in the Cartesian product of two graphs and give some important results.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Performance Analysis of Multi-Body Modeled Washing Machines (MBomWM) 2020-07-01T05:08:23+0530 Asiya E. Asiya Yomobong Amos I. Effiong A. Archibong <p>One of the key features of washing an automated machines is the noise and vibration it produces, or more technically, the decibel level it produces. Numerous of home appliance companies have put in much effort to solve this problem but there is still large room for further improvements especially in the rinse and the spin cycles of the washing machine. This work illustrates the performances of a multi-body modelled of washing machines realized with the aim to analyze the vibrational acoustic emission. An experimental measurement has been carried out using a digital sound level meter (SLM) to determine the overall noise produced by four different models of automated washing machines with a view of noting the model that has the highest sound pressure level during the three different cycles (the wash, rinse and spin). Result shows that all the machines produced their highest noise during the spinning cycle. Out of the four different model considered. IPSO HF: 304 has the highest sound level of 99.62dB during its spin cycle when maximum load of 30Kg was applied, followed by Imesa RC 23 with a 96.13dB. On the other hands, LG: Direct Drive 13 has the least sound pressure level of 84.75dB. With this knowledge in mind, one can advise a buyer which model to purchase from the market and if an operator must use the machine, how long he can operate such machine without health challenges.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Implications of Tax Reforms in Indirect Tax Collections of the Government of India during the Last Two Decades (2000-2020) 2020-07-01T05:08:36+0530 Sanjib Ghimire <p>In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyse the implications of tax reforms after the economic liberalization in 1991 with respect to collection of indirect tax revenue of the Government of India during the last two decades (2000-20). The composition of indirect tax revenue of the Government has undergone a drastic change during the last two decades. Post implementation of the GST Act, the levy of Central Excise has been restricted to petroleum and tobacco products and GST has evolved as the major contributor to the indirect tax revenue collections followed by the Customs Duty. Comparative analysis of indirect tax collections of the Central Government with respect to its growth, share in gross tax revenue, percentage of GDP and composition has been done for the period from 2000-01 to 2019-20. The current study has revealed the growth rate of indirect taxes has not only been uneven but also declined during the year 2001-02, 2008-09 and 2009-10. The share of indirect tax in the gross tax revenue has also gradually declined from 63% in 2000-01 to 46% in 2019-20%.&nbsp; The indirect tax-GDP ratio has remained stagnant in the range of 3.5 to 5.5 % during the last two decades.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Correlation of Fibonacci Sequence and Golden Ratio With its Applications in Engineering and Science 2020-07-01T05:09:09+0530 Anil.D.Chavan Chetan.V.Suryawanshi <p>We have discussed in this elucidation paper about correlation of Fibonacci sequence and golden ratio with its applications in engineering and science. One of the most recurring sequences in nature is the Fibonacci sequence. As the sequence was explored, it was found out that this sequence led to the golden ratio. This study tried to apply the concept of Fibonacci and golden ratio to maximize efficiency of our live life. We consider self-similar curve like golden spiral in whose nature their beauty is much admired. The explanations show that source of Fibonacci numbers and how to exist Fibonacci numbers in the world we live. The mathematical theories of Fibonacci numbers and golden ratio gives the source of many new ideas in Mathematics, Chemistry, Civil engineering, Architecture, Automobile engineering, Philosophy, Botanic and biology, Electrical engineering, Computer science and engineering, Mechanical engineering, Communication systems, Mathematical education as well as theoretical physics and physics of high energy particles [1].</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Job Anxiety and Occupational Stress among Employees of IT Sector: Impact on their Attitude towards Management 2020-07-01T05:09:23+0530 Kamal Karamchandani Dr. V. K. Dubule <p>Information technology is the fastest growing sector in the country and the highest employer in the private sector. The fast-paced technological changes, the need to keep up with it and the huge workload puts enormous demands on the employees. They experience anxiety and stress at the workplace which affects, positively and negatively, their attitude towards their job and management. Hence, the study investigated the relationship between anxiety and stress experienced by the employees at the workplace and how each factor affects their attitude towards their management respectively. Since the study covered both male and female employees, hence similar nature of relationship between the variables was also examined separately for each gender</p> <p>For this ex-post facto research, a convenience sample of 200 respondents through stratified sampling technique was chosen in 2019 from various IT firms in Hyderabad. The age of the respondents was between 24-36 years. The data for analysis was collected through 3 scales/ index viz.<em> 1) Job Anxiety Scale by Dr. A. K. Srivastava 2) Occupational Stress Index </em>by A K Srivastav and A P Singh <em>3) Attitude Scale for Measuring Employee Attitude Towards Management Attitude Scale for Measuring Employee Attitude Towards Management </em>by Dr. K D Kapoor and a personal information sheet. Statistical tools of Pearson was applied to analyse the data.</p> <p>The results of the study confirmed that occupational stress significantly and negatively predicted attitude towards management of the employees. But, on the contrary for job anxiety the relationship with employee attitude was found to be insignificant. The attitude towards management of female employees was found to be more significantly and negatively related to job anxiety and occupational stress respectively as compared to their male counterparts. This result belied the expectations. However, no interaction effect was observed between job anxiety and occupational stress while predicting attitude towards management. It is recommended that IT companies must design general and gender based intervention strategies to reduce job anxiety and occupational stress among employees.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Changing of Schools: How it affects the School Life Experiences of a Student 2020-07-01T05:09:57+0530 Ramandeep Singh Mansi Chaudhary <p>The Pivot point of research carried out is to study the impact of changing of school in a student’s life and various effects it can have on school life experiences. Researcher has worked upon feedbacks gathered from individuals of different age and their experience accumulated from their own school lives. Analyst got reactions from 140 participants. The information was gathered using Google forms and it was investigated utilizing Google's analytical tools. It was found that changing of school had both merits and demerits given that how one perceives it and adapts according to the changes. People have different reasons for changing their schools. Factors like new region, culture and language of new place also acts as deciding factors for the adaptability and performance of newly admitted student.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Impact of Covid-19 on Sectors of Indian Economy and Business Survival Strategies 2020-07-01T05:10:03+0530 Dr. Debdas Rakshit Ananya Paul <p>The entire world is in the clutch of Coronavirus. The dissemination of the virus is so colossal that it compelled the World Health Organisation (WHO) to declare it as pandemic. The outbreak of the virus has unprecedented implications on the global economy. Severe economic burden and grave consequences have to be borne by the Indian industries in this backdrop of declining economic situation due to coronavirus. Thus, this article is intended to study the repercussions of coronavirus on different sectors of Indian economy and to highlight the reasons for which India can be benefitted in the post pandemic period and mainly to specify the business survival strategies which is the key to overcome this tough situation.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Wireless Power Transfer 2020-07-01T05:10:50+0530 Chanchal Arya Ashvini Lakra Diksha Uikey <p>It systems allow power to be transferred from one electrical network to another electrical network without need for wires or exposed contacts. There has been rapid expansion of WPT in mobile phone chargers and electric bulb and charging electric vehicles and dynamic charging electric vehicles, also called road powered electric vehicles. It is expected that WPT industry will grow &nbsp;persistently in coming decaded, commonly wireless power transfers are conducted using an inductive coupling and followed by magnetic induction , we use magnetic induction using copper wire with a diameter., The wireless power transfer field would be in high demand for electric power to be supplied in the future.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research An Empirical Study on the Change of Consumption Level of Chinese Residents 2020-07-01T05:10:56+0530 Wenxing Wang Xiangdan Wen <p>With the rapid development of Chinese economy since the reform and opening up, people's living standards have been improved, and people's consumption level has been gradually improved. Consumption plays an important role in stimulating economic growth. At present, China needs to adjust its economic structure and optimize its industrial structure. Therefore, it is very important to analyze the factors that affect the consumption level of Chinese residents and study the main factors for promoting the healthy and sustainable development of Chinese economy. Therefore, based on the statistical data from 1995 to 2018, this paper collects the variable data that affects the consumption level of residents, such as the freight volume of infrastructure railway and highway, the per capita disposable income of national residents, ordinary college students, the consumer&nbsp; price index of residents, the average real wage index and the gross domestic product. And through the establishment of multiple linear regression model and the stepwise regression, the paper also finds out the main factors influencing the consumption level of residents. Using R language and analyzing the results of the research, we can draw the conclusion that the national per capita disposable income, ordinary college students and consumer price index and GDP are the main factors that affect the consumption level of Chine.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Improved Characterization of Heptane Plus Fraction of Niger Delta Light Crudes 2020-07-01T05:11:38+0530 Dr. Princess Nwankwo Kenechukwu O. Nwankwo <p>Accurate determination of molecular weight of heptane plus( ) fractions is essential in reliable phase behavior calculations and compositional EOS modeling studies. Empirical correlations provide cheaper alternatives in time and cost, to obtaining reliable molecular weight data than by experiments, though with compromised accuracies.</p> <p>Several empirical correlations developed to predict molecular weight of &nbsp;fractionsof petroleum were reviewed. A new correlation for calculating molecular weight of heptane plus fractions of light crudes was developed from a database compiled from Niger Delta fields for over 1,200 light crude oil assays, conventional PVT reports, and literature data. The correlation was developed using rational multiple regression analysis method.</p> <p>The new correlation’s performance was compared with five others which do not depend on boiling point temperatures. Results showed that the new correlation has superior performance with the lowest absolute average and relative mean square errors. The new correlation had an average relative error of 8.15%, root mean square error of 0.09% and correlation coefficient of 0.955.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Women Education in India and Economic Development Linkages: A Conceptual Study 2020-07-01T05:11:45+0530 Azra Khan Shayista Majeed Rayeesa Sayeed <p>Women have been recognised as a crucial force in economic development of any nation. However, it is imperative to mention that traditionally their lives were confined to the four walls of the house. They were mainly engaged in household chores, bearing and rearing of children and were treated on different footings. Their existence was deeply influenced by the prevailing patriarchal system which often results into deprivation of their basic rights as enjoyed by their male counterparts including their right to education. But, with the advent of various legislations, social reforms and women’s movement worldwide, there was a major shift in the socio-cultural set up and women’s entitlement to education begun to be recognised as pivotal for nations’ economic development. On the other hand, history has revealed that in Indian sub-continent, there was a worst scenario of women education. Women were denied their basic right to education and such bias was deeply rooted in prevailing socio-cultural set up where females were treated inferior to men. But, in the backdrop of various social reform movements, women movements, Christian missionaries and new economic reforms of 1991 popularly called as LPG concept (Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization), women education in India witnessed a drastic change. Further, research has noted a strong positive linkage between women education and economic development of any nation. Thus, keeping in view the importance of women education for an economic development of a nation, the present study is an endeavour towards identifying, reviewing and analysing the prior work with respect to above linkages. Moreover, the study has also identified the various issues pertaining to women education in India which has remained unaddressed and demands utmost attention. At the end of the study, various valuable suggestions have also been drawn in order to fill the identifiable gaps in women education structure so as to change its state and enhance its contribution towards achieving robust economic development.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Towards Greening Decisions on the University Campus: Initiatives, Importance and Barriers 2020-07-01T05:12:27+0530 Olaoluwa P. AASA Olalekan Aquila JESULEYE Modupe Olayinka AJAYI <p>Universities as ‘small worlds’ are veritable places for promoting environmental friendly activities; being breeding grounds for future decision makers. They are characterized by activities that negatively influence our environment which are in three areas which are: energy usage, waste generation and transportation. This study utilized both exploratory and survey designs to investigate the initiatives relating to training, research, campus operation and community service, their importance and barriers to effective implementation in The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The study found that implementing these initiatives has benefits associate with cost saving, employability, public image, quality assurance, and societal change. More than 70 percent of the respondents believed that implementing greening initiatives is very important. The study also revealed individual and institutional barriers in the achievement of this result. The most severe ones include: inadequate and sustainable awareness, ineffective policy, lack of knowledge and skills to handle relevant technology for greening. The study suggested that management should provide supports in the areas of policy-making and implementation, budgetary allocation and motivational structure to lead the way in the comity of universities.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Recent Development on Treatment of Crude Oil Contaminated Water Using Agricultural Waste – A Review 2020-07-01T05:12:31+0530 AKINYEMI O. P. <p>Crude oil recovery processes generate large volumes of crude oil-contaminated water. Crude oil-contaminated water was noted to contain hydrocarbons (including saturates and aromatics) as well as non-hydrocarbons. Some hydrocarbons in the contaminated water are found to be carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and genotoxic to humans and other organisms. Thus, the exposure of human being and other organism like fishes in the marine environment to these hydrocarbons through skin contact to such contaminated water or consumption of contaminated food and water may be very dangerous. The remediation of such oil contaminated water has become a crucial problem in oil producing countries and requires more drastic attention. Several technologies have been deployed at solving this problem. Utilization of agricultural wastes as adsorbents has however, been found to be more attractive to researches due to its environmental friendly tendencies and economic viability. This paper reviewed the attempt of researchers at addressing this problem by using agricultural wastes like banana peel, rice husk, etc as sorbent for removal of the oil from the crude oil-contaminated water. It was observed that agricultural wastes compete favourably with synthetic adsorbents in oil removal from crude oil contaminated water. Though many agricultural products have been investigated, there are some like plantain peel, papaya peel and water melon rind that need to be considered for this treatment.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research Reintegration of ex-Military Personnel with Civil Life- A social Issue and Big Challenge: An Empirical Study 2020-07-01T05:13:07+0530 Dr. Priti Verma Shahriar Al Imran <p>Every year a large number of individuals have to quit different military services: army, navy, air force etc. for different reasons all over the world. Among all the reasons, medical discharge is the most unacceptable one. After forced departure from the service, these personnel face several problems as they go through a difficult and sensitive time in their life. Starting from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), they go through different mental, psychological, social and psychopathological problems. Further, people look at them in a different way when they come to know that the person had to resign from military services. Moreover, the behavior and attitude of the family members and relatives make the situation worse. Ex-military personnel of this category suffer from depression. However, the person can be turned into a positive and effective power of the society by proper support from the surroundings as the person can use the learning from his/her experience in other occupations as well. The paper draws attention towards this social problem.</p> <p>The benefits of the research will have an impact on the ex-military community of forced departure, as this problem has not been addressed properly in broader context before.</p> 2020-06-30T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research