International Journal of Engineering and Management Research <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) is a "PRINT &amp; ONLINE" double-blind&nbsp;<a href="">peer-reviewed&nbsp;</a>"Bi-monthly" refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Engineering and Management subjects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">IJEMR is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, China, Indonesia and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on all Management, Computer Science &amp; Engineering, Mathematical Science &amp; Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Applications, Civil Engineering and other related topics.</p> Vandana Publications en-US International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2394-6962 The Paradigm Shift in the Indian Education System during COVID19: Impact, Opportunities and Trends <p>The COVID-19 pandemic is a huge challenge to education systems. Education is the main priority direction and main development indicator in all civilized countries of the world. The COVID-19 global pandemic has upended all the education system across the world. In this time of crisis, a well-rounded and effective educational practice is what is needed for the capacity-building of young minds. It will develop skills that will drive their employability, productivity, health, and well-being in the decades to come, and ensure the overall progress of India. This research paper tries to investigate on the various impact of Covid-19 in education system especially on rural India. We also try to throw light on the different existing and new initiatives by government during the pandemic. The novel coronavirus has transformed the centuries-old, chalk–talk teaching model to one driven by technology. The last 50 years have seen huge growth worldwide in the provision of education at all levels. COVID-19 is the greatest challenge that these expanded national education systems have ever faced. Many governments have ordered institutions to cease face-to-face instruction for most of their students, requiring them to switch, almost overnight, to online teaching and virtual education. We see a drastic rise in the use of various teaching and conferencing technologies which has been explained in this paper, also various advantages and disadvantages to the students in the use of these technologies have been covered in this research paper by identifying opportunities and trends. Finally research has been concluded by providing avenues to future research and a meaningful conclusion.</p> Sidhi Menon U Manu Vasudevan Unni Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 1 10 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.1 A Review of Information Security from Consumer’s Perspective Especially in Online Transactions <p>In the current internet technology, most of the transactions to banking system are effective through online transaction. Predominantly all these e-transactions are done through e-commerce web sites with the help of credit/debit cards, net banking and lot of other payable apps. So, every online transaction is prone to vulnerable attacks by the fraudulent websites and intruders in the network. As there are many security measures incorporated against security vulnerabilities, network thieves are smart enough to retrieve the passwords and break other security mechanisms. At present situation of digital world, we need to design a secured online transaction system for banking using multilevel encryption of blowfish and AES algorithms incorporated with dual OTP technique. The performance of the proposed methodology is analyzed with respect to number of bytes encrypted per unit time and we conclude that the multilevel encryption provides better security system with faster encryption standards than the ones that are currently in use.</p> Mohammad Salman Husain Dr. Mohammad Haroon Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 11 14 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.2 Stock Market Analysis of 10 Different Countries in the Period of Disease COVID-19 <p>Our effort is to analyze the effect of the rampant over the economies of 10 affected nations by studying their stock market values during the COVID-19 episode. We have endowed the nations with their respective stock markets stated in brackets - Brazil(Ibovespa), Canada (S&amp;P/TSX Composite), France (AEX), Germany (DAX 30), India (NIFTY 50), Italy (FTSE MIB), Russia (IMOEX), Spain (IBEX 35), U.K. (FTSE 100), U.S.A. (DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE). We have gathered the indices of stock per country from 2 March to 23rd June, collected from official website of respective stocks. In order to collect data, we had to inculcate the fundamental lessons of Statistics. R-software aided us to plot the curves of stock values providing an ease to master our project. We also formulated a Python 3.7 language program code to solidify analysis on various aspects of economy of the countries and comparison between these aspects.</p> Dr. Leena Sharma Aditya V. Yadav Shravani P. Ahirrao Varun S. Manik Aman S. Ramani Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 15 19 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.3 The Portrayal of Women in Advertising <p>The portrayal of women in media advertisements, over the decades, has been about unrealistic body images, sexual objectification, physical beauty, and family roles. These advertisements affect the self-esteem and confidence of the female viewers and results in dissatisfaction and pressure to conform to certain body norms. It also affects the way women are perceived and sets men’s expectations of a woman’s appearance. A study was conducted on 313 respondents to understand the effects of such advertisements. It was observed that advertisements showing unrealistic body images of women pressurized them to conform to body norms. It was also observed that these advertisements affect the way women are accepted in the society. Men’s perception of women and their expectations of women’s appearance are also affected in the process. Majority of the respondents agreed that they would like to see more reality-based images in today’s advertisements.</p> Pallavi Soni Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 20 29 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.4 Masters vs Job: Factors which Help Students to Decide between the Two <p>The main idea of the study is to find out the factors that affect the key decision which results in choosing of one option between pursuing a master’s degree after college or going for placement after graduation. Researcher has collected data from 120 college going students and graduates. The data was accumulated using Google forms, it was analysed using Google’s analytical instruments. It was found out that students do not follow any trend to pursue their next goal but they decide upon factors which are directly or indirectly related to their personal lives and circumstances. Although most common answer recorded during the survey was that how some students do not want a break amidst their studies and on other hand some of them want to learn and gain practical experience.</p> Ramandeep Singh Mansi Chaudhary Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 30 34 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.5 Design Studios: Approach to Achieve Smart Learning Environment (SLE) <p>Smart Learning Environment (SLE) is the hourly need to satisfy the urge generated by the new knowledge society. This includes a focus on learning methods to yield a required blend of learning environment that supports experience of effective and engaged learning. The essence of ‘SLE’ is to create a condition that can enhance the learners’ personalized and adaptive learning experience. For the Architecture and Design students, Studio- a physical space that allows students to accomplish their design learning in an innovative and creative manner, plays an integral role in their learning. The main objective of the paper is to redefine the concept of ‘Smart Learning Environment’ in the context of Design education and suggest a model for the ‘Smart Design Studio’ based on the perception of learners. The methodology includes surveys and group discussion at the University of Bahrain (UoB), to receive opinions on smart teaching-learning spaces and methods. A short experimental study was done to measure the impact on the design learning as a result of modifications done in the Design Studio. The experiment was centered on the theory of ‘Identity Development’ and ‘Personalization of spaces’. Finally, the paper concludes a new vision on SLE as a learner-centered-environment that allows multiple ways of learning to support all-round development of the learners. As a recommendation, authors suggest a model for the Design Studio to achieve effective, engaged and efficient learning. The key elements of the model are the disseminator and recipient of knowledge, learning methods, modes, tools and resources.</p> Dr. Anamika Jiwane Arch. Fariel Khan Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 35 42 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.6 Relationship between Technical Skills Acquired and Skills Required on Electrical Equipment Servicing among Electrical Engineering Technicians in Manufacturing Industries in Kenya <p>The research sought to investigate relationship between technical skills acquired and required on electrical equipment servicing amongelectrical engineering technicians in manufacturing industries in Kenya. Quantitative research techniques were adopted in this study. The study was conducted in Nandi and Uasin-Gishu counties in Kenya, which have 7 TVETA registered and licensed public Technical Training Institutions offering Diploma, Craft Certificate and Artisan electrical engineering courses. The target population was 96 electrical engineering trainers, 15 employees from manufacturing industries and 65 electrical engineering technician trainers. A sample size comprised of 50 electrical engineering trainers, 7 employees from manufacturing industries and 29 electrical engineering technician trainers. Questionnaire were used to collect data. The instrument was pre-tested to ensure its validity by determining the internal consistency of the research instruments. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential analysis. There was a positive significant relationship (r=0.408, p= 0.004 2-tailed) between the electrical engineering technician acquired training at TVET institutions and the skills required for electrical equipment servicing at manufacturing industries in Kenya. The Kenyan government through the ministry of education should ensure adequate training is carried out to achieve training relevant for the needs of the industry. KICD in collaboration with CDACC and SSACs should develop a curriculum that addresses the competence requirements and occupational standard needs of the manufacturing industries.</p> Keter Amos Kiprono Prof. Okemwa Peter Dr. Kanyeki F. G Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-05 2020-08-05 10 4 43 50 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.7 Feasibility Study of Construction Additional Production Lines on Jelly Drink Plant at PT XYZ <p>Demand forecasting is the first step for production planning and control to fulfil market demand. In line with economic growth in Indonesia, number of jelly drink's sale PT XYZ also increasing especially in 2011-2013 period. Unfortunately, PT XYZ has an issue to fulfil its demand in eastern area, and increasing production is one of solution to solve it. This research aims to analyze market demand of jelly drink in eastern area for the next five years, select the optimal location in which plant production capacity need to be increased and feasibility study of construction additional production lines. Winter's additive time series method is used to analyze market demand and Comparative Performance Index (CPI) method is used to select the location for jelly drink's plant. Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), and Pay Back Period (PBP) are the parameter for financial aspect on this research. Demand forecasting shows increasing in market demand on 2014-2018 period with 16% MAPE value. The optimum location to increase its production lines is Sidoarjo Plant, East Java. Two production lines can be added with increasing 24.3 million cartoon per year of production. Production aspect, human resources and financial parameter shows that this project is economically justified to execute.</p> Sarah Fauzia S. Puspita Rizal Syarief Dudi S. Hendrawan Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 10 4 51 55 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.8 Tuning of Ball and Beam System using Cascade Control <p>This project presents a new strategy to approach cascade control tuning by using image processing and machine learning to generate required control parameters to be set into the controller. For test bed purpose a ball balance upon a horizontal beam is used which is actuated with a stepper motor, angle of the balance to be scanned by a camera and analyzed using python alongside an ultrasonic sensor to measure real time distance to the ball, set point to be set by user and control action generated upon generating required information from hardware frame.</p> Somnath Garai N.H.Balasubramanyam Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2020-08-08 2020-08-08 10 4 56 59 10.31033/ijemr.10.4.9