International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs <p style="text-align: justify;">International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) is a "PRINT &amp; ONLINE" double-blind&nbsp;<a href="http://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/peerreview">peer-reviewed&nbsp;</a>"Bi-monthly" refereed journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in all the fields of Engineering and Management subjects.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">IJEMR is an international academic journal which gains a foothold in INDIA, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, China, Indonesia and opens to the world. We focused to publish papers/articles on all Management, Computer Science &amp; Engineering, Mathematical Science &amp; Engineering, Agriculture Engineering, Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Applications, Civil Engineering and other related topics.</p> Vandana Publications en-US International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2394-6962 Job Satisfaction of Private Banking Sector Employees in Bangladesh https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/788 <p>The intention of this study is to explore the job satisfaction level in Private Banking Sector officers of Bangladesh. This study highlights the factors of job satisfaction of bank employees in our country also try to evaluate the influences of these factors on the ultimate job satisfaction. So, Private Banks employees are the target population of this research paper. This paper reveled some institutional factors like working environment, work condition, pay, fair treatment of employees, provision of loan, promotion policy and acknowledgement for good performance meaningfully effect on job satisfaction of private Bank employees. On the other hand, employee’s individual factors such as age and gender, marital status minorly effect job satisfaction of Bank employees. The study conveys the message to Bank management that they should give more attention to stimulate and uphold the human resources in banking sector in Bangladesh. For attaining decisive mission of the banking division, the Bank Administration should satisfy the bank officers and utilize their maximum effort by confirming comprehensive superiority of their institutions. We think the results and academic consultation of this research may assist the relevant people for additional research and formulation of plan.</p> Md. Elius Hossan Rashedul Hasan b Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 1 14 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.1 Create Shared Value - A Win-Win Business Model https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/792 <p>Creating shared value is a framework created for enhancing economic value for the organization while simultaneously meeting the needs of the society and its challenges. This paper aims in providing structural framework of shared values and also key measures taken by various organization. This articles emphasis on adoption of shared values and its impact on enhancing the environmental performance, Stakeholder’s health, nutrition, affordability in meeting the basic requirements of stake holders and also measures in improving societal wellbeing.</p> K. Srinivasan Dr. S. Rajarajeswari Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 15 21 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.2 Green Revolution in Ready Made Garments in Bangladesh: An Analytical Study https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/790 <p>Bangladesh, a small south Asian country, holds the second position in the world of exporting readymade garments (RMG). Here locate the highest number of green RMG factories in the world. Green industrialization is the positive symbol of sustainable development. This paper represents an impressive illustration of the scenario of RMG industries in Bangladesh especially the growth, contribution to export and the success of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) recognized Platinum, Gold and Silver factories. &nbsp;This paper also represents the success of green revolution in RMG industries in Bangladesh and recommends some suggestions to convert the traditional industries to green industries where the industries are not only for making profit but also committed to provide good working environment for employee, eco-friendly and ethical business practice.</p> Md. Elius Hossan Md. Abdul Awal Md. Aliullah Md. Shishir Saidy Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 22 29 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.3 Real-Time WebRTC based Mobile Surveillance System https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/796 <p>The rapid growth that has taken place in Computer Vision has been instrumental in driving the advancement of Image processing techniques and drawing inferences from them. Combined with the enormous capabilities that Deep Neural networks bring to the table, computers can be efficiently trained to automate the tasks and yield accurate and robust results quickly thus optimizing the process. Technological growth has enabled us to bring such computationally intensive tasks to lighter and lower-end mobile devices thus opening up a wide range of possibilities. WebRTC-the open-source web standard enables us to send multimedia-based data from peer to peer paving the way for Real-time Communication over the Web. With this project, we aim to build on one such opportunity that can enable us to perform custom object detection through an android based application installed on our mobile phones. Therefore, our problem statement is to be able to capture real-time feeds, perform custom object detection, generate inference results, and appropriately send intruder alerts when needed. To implement this, we propose a mobile-based over-the-cloud solution that can capitalize on the enormous and encouraging features of the YOLO algorithm and incorporate the functionalities of OpenCV’s DNN module for providing us with fast and correct inferences.&nbsp; Coupled with a good and intuitive UI, we can ensure ease of use of our application.</p> Alistair Baretto Noel Pudussery Veerasai Subramaniam Amroz Siddiqui Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 30 35 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.4 Implementation of Implantation-Stagger Measuring Unit using Image Processing https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/802 <p>The electrical traction system of railways is a combination of physical upright structures and OCL(Overhead Contact Lines). The horizontal distance from the center of the track to the OHE mast called implantation, horizontal displacement of overhead contact wire with respect to the center of the railway track called stagger, and the perpendicular height of overhead contact wire from the ground are periodically checked by a lineman in order to ensure a safe distance from the railway track. In this paper, we have put forth an idea of building a distance measuring device to measure the implantation and stagger without touching the objects using Open CV on raspberry pi with a camera module which will be placed at the center of the track. The system will be having two features. To measure the distance of the nearest poles, the camera has to be placed facing the mast perpendicular to a circle of diameter appropriate which is placed on the pole for measurement purposes. And to measure the stagger, the camera has to be placed facing the overhead wire from the center of&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; the track.</p> Angela Infanta Ramesh Ashish Dinesh Singh Battina Babykutty Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 36 40 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.5 Analyzing the Effectiveness of Modern Irrigation Methods in Iraq https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/812 <p>Iraq is one of the countries that have water scarcity problem.&nbsp; Many reasons have made this problem to be more complex. The modern irrigation methods have used as one solution to the water problem in Iraq. This paper investigates the effectiveness of modern irrigation methods in Iraq. The paper tests the impact of using modern irrigation methods on the amount of water used for irrigation. The study uses Liner Regression Model (LRM) as a statistical estimation model. The study data were taken from the ministry of water resources, and the ministry of agriculture in Iraq.</p> <p>This study uses weekly time series data from 2000 -2010. The results show that using modern irrigation methods in Iraq has negative and insignificant impact on the total amount of irrigation water. The results shows that temperature (climate effect) has positive and significant impact on total irrigation water. The results shows that stored water has positive and significant impact on irrigation water.</p> Ismail I. AOthman Redvan Ghasemlounia Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 41 46 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.6 Design and CFD Simulation of Tesla Pump https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/813 <p>The need for high pump performance and efficiency continue to encourage the study of flow between two parallel co-rotating discs in multiple discs pump or turbine. Therefore, this study entails the design, construction and CFD simulation of a 3D Tesla pump model axisymmetric swirling flow in order to enhance the understanding of Tesla pump for future development.</p> <p>Method of solution entails designing and construction of a small prototype tesla pump and then using the design geometry and parameters to design and perform numerical simulation.&nbsp; The results of the numerical simulation were then analyzed.</p> <p>The result obtained indicates static pressure to have minimum value of -4.7791Pa at the outlet and 13.777Pa at the pump inlet and with velocity magnitude having minimum velocity of 0.00m/s and maximum velocity of 4.12m/s. The strength of the velocity was seen to be very high at the pump outlet. The analysis radial velocity showed minimum value of -0.508m/s and maximum value of 3.981m/s with the radial velocity vector being concentrated at the discs periphery and outlet.</p> <p>Model simulation results exhibited smooth pressure and velocity profiles.&nbsp; With the 3D simulation all flow variables are able to be predicted.</p> SMG Akele M. O. Ahmed S. J. Wodah J. Agbajor K. O. Ihwurighwre O. Uwumagbuhun Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 47 56 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.7 Importance of Garni Activities in the Sustainable Tourism: A Case Study of Hotels https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/794 <p>This article provides a broad overview of sustainability in the hospitality and tourist business, as well as content information on sustainability that could be useful in hospitality and tourism education. The study focuses on the following question in particular: What role does sustainability education play in the hospitality and tourism industry? Themes in sustainability education are recognised in the accommodation, meetings and events, and food and beverage sectors, as well as implementations of sustainability principles in hospitality and tourism operations and perspectives on the future direction of sustainability education in this subject.</p> Javeed Ahmad Ganai Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-02 2021-06-02 11 3 57 60 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.8 Android Based Application to Ensure Medical Adherence: CareWise https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/806 <p>In this fast-paced world, it is difficult to balance one’s domestic and professional life. Often, we have seen our grandparents forget things that are a part of their routine for like their medication. Many of them need to take their medicines at a fixed time, due to their age they often forget their scheduled medicines which can sometimes have consequences on their health. Therefore, we feel that there is need for an application to help our fellow senior citizens with their medication by the usage of image and a general description. By doing so we feel that this application can act as a helping hand to better monitor their health. This application will have features which will help them sort out medicines based on their name, image and description. A scheduled calendar will help them plan their medicine more efficiently. Reminders ensure that they don’t forget the medications. This application will provide a very easy to use interface that the elderly can easily navigate through without any qualms.</p> Anushka Prashant Amte Bryan Francis Elisha Halona Edwin Gras Sini Anna Reji Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-05 2021-06-05 11 3 61 63 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.9 Soil Stabilization using Waste Cotton Clothes Coated with Bitumen https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/810 <p>Properties of soil can be enhanced by using different stabilization techniques. Cotton clothes have a high tensile Strength as compare to natural fibers. In this study waste cotton clothes coated with bitumen were used for stabilization of soil. As waste cotton clothes are cost effective and eco-friendly, they can be modified and used as effective reinforcement material/stabilizer. Experiment was carried out by adding 1% and 2% of waste cotton cloth coated with bitumen to improve its strength characteristics.</p> Prathamesh Wagare Shubham Sutar Shruthi Virapannanavar Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-05 2021-06-05 11 3 64 66 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.10 Application of Taguchi Approach to Forecast the Wages of Persian Silk Carpet Weavers https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/820 <p>One of the remarkable phenomena in recent years is the growing trend of globalization. Iran is also seeking to join the World Trade Organization (WTO) to expand non-oil exports and presence in global markets, and is currently a member of the organization's oversight body. Handmade industries such as hand woven carpet are one of the important trades that can be studied for this purpose. Exports of handmade carpets have fluctuated over different time periods. Despite maintaining its international position as the rank of the largest exporter of handmade carpets, the export position of handmade carpets is decreasing as compared to other Iranian exports. Handmade carpet craftsmanship is a complementary activity of agricultural and rural businesses, but due to the considerable number of workers and the small share of carpet value added in the national economy, it does not have a suitable condition. Other influential parameters such as rivals (e.g., China, India, Pakistan, and Turkey), etc. have caused the economic conditions of this industry to be unstable. In this regard, one of the best and most appropriate ways to compete with other countries is to reduce production costs and, consequently, reduce product prices. This factor includes various variables, including weavers' wages. Unfortunately, there is no definite and elaborate program for determining the wages of handmade silk carpet weavers in Iran according to the standard. In fact, in some cities, the weavers' wages determine based on the texture conditions, texture parameters, economic conditions of the country, and other parameters by carpet wage boards that consist of several carpet experts. In this way, there is the possibility of mistakes and the loss of the rights of weavers or producers due to the entry of personal opinion and the failure to classify the effect of different parameters on the final point.</p> <p>The main purpose of this study is to collect various parameters affecting the wages of handmade carpet weavers in Iran. According to a collection of statistical data obtained from the country's most popular producers, the effects of different parameters were investigated through the Design of Experiment (DOE). Finally, the effect of each parameter was expressed as a percentage using Taguchi Approach (TA). The most important achievement of this research is that the obtained results can be used to prevent the loss of rights of the people by providing an appropriate formula and detail table.</p> Kazem Reza Kashyzadeh Ali Habibi Darounkola Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-07 2021-06-07 11 3 67 72 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.11 Strategic Tower Defence Game https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/808 <p>This research is based on intelligent strategy game known as Tower Defence in which players have to make strategic decisions to defend their tower from their enemies.</p> <p>This an interesting game where people can test their wits. In this game&nbsp; the players can build and upgrade their tower to prevent higher damage&nbsp; from enemies.</p> <p>This game requires quick strategic decisions and is fun to play. There are wide array of weapons/equipments that the player can access by using earning points.</p> <p>This game is developed by using Unity platform using C#.</p> <p>This game is easy and understandable as compare to other tower defence games available in market and can be played by players of all&nbsp; age. This intelligent strategy game is highly competitive and will help sharpen your brain too.</p> Dhinakar Gogi Nayan Shingare Aditya Jadhav Joel Thomas Dakshayani G Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-07 2021-06-07 11 3 73 77 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.12 The Relationship between Fungal Growth Rate and Temperature and Humidity https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/815 <p>In order to determine the relation among the three factors of wood fiber decomposition rate, mycelial elongation and moisture resistance, our team resorted to the Monod equation and the modified Logistic equation. Combing with the kinetic principle and the law of mass action, the equations between the decomposition rate of wood fiber, the elongation rate of mycelium and the moisture resistance were established. In the course of solving the model, we found that when the temperature ranges from 24℃ to 28℃ and the relative humidity from 60% to75%, the growth rate of fungi is the fastest.</p> Zhichao Zhan Meiling Xu Yue Li Meihua Dong Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-09 2021-06-09 11 3 78 83 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.13 India’s Foreign Trade – An Overview https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/828 <p>Export-Play, Important Role of any country’s business India is one among these countries that have been exporting a large number of product and raw material to other countries to earn economy wealth. India is 19<sup>th </sup>largest export economy. India’s overall, export- in 2019-20 was US $ 313138.5 million and total import was US $ 473995.2 million and trade balance was US $ 160856.7 million. The main object of the paper is to analyse the structural change in foreign trade- Under new Exim policy. The period of the study is from 2010-11 to 2019-20. The result shows that USA, UAE, Hongkong, UK, Germany, Saudi Arbia and China accounted from more than 40% of export from India at the world level. India total export which was US $ 330078.1 million in the year 2018-19 decline to US $ 313138.5 million in the year 2019-20. The total export from India decreased by 5.13% from the year 2018-19 to year 2019-20. In the year 2019-20 the share in total export from India to USA is 16.95%, UAE 9.21%, China 5.30%, Hongkong 3.50%, UK 2.79%, Germany 2.64%, and Saudi Arbia 1.99%. India’s total import in the year 2019-20 was US $ 473995.2 million which China contributed by 37.76%, USA 7.52%, Saudi Ariba 3.60%, Hongkong 3.5%, UAE .38% and Germany 2.81%,. The result show that USA is most important trading partner followed by UAE an UK, Hongkong, China and other countries.</p> Dr. Manoj Mishra Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-12 2021-06-12 11 3 84 92 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.14 Women Safety Night Patrolling Robot Using IOT https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/829 <p>India's greatest threat is the safety of its women. Women do not feel safe in a variety of situations. This needs to be addressed as quickly as feasible. Technology evolves and develops on a daily basis, affecting how people live. As a result, the focus of this article is on modernising the technological framework in order to strengthen women's safety mechanisms. We introduce a new security method in this study to protect women during unusual behaviours. A new security technique based on a patrolling robot using the Raspberry Pi has been proposed. In this case, a night vision camera can be employed to secure any location. Various machine learning methods are applied to improve the classifier's accuracy. The findings suggest that the suggested method outperforms existing methods.</p> M Renu Babu B Hari Krishna G Rakesh M Sai Tejashri Y Parichitha Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-12 2021-06-12 11 3 93 98 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.15 Impact of Covid-19 on Education Across the World https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/830 <p>The global epidemic of the Corona virus has wreaked havoc on a variety of industries. One of them is the education industry. Due to Covid-19, governments all around the world have begun temporarily closing schools and colleges. School and university closures would not only have a short-term impact on the continuity of learning for India's more than 285 million young learners, but will also have far-reaching economic and societal ramifications as the days pass with no rapid way to stop the breakout of Covid-19.</p> Dr. Ravi Sidhu Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-12 2021-06-12 11 3 99 101 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.16 IOT Cloud Based Real Time Automobile Monitoring System https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/833 <p>Smart sensing has had a significant impact on defining our future in recent years. The field of IOT is a recent technical innovation that has caused a change in lifestyle (Internet of things). IoT refers to the internetworking of physical equipment and other items that are equipped with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity to allow data to be collected from them. Transportation is a booming industry in India, with the number of vehicles on the road increasing by the day. Monitoring vehicle metrics such as gasoline, temperature, and battery level without having to touch the car is perfect. In this digital age, a digital locking mechanism is desperately needed. When your vehicle is not with you, vehicle tracking is also essential. Here, car tracking is designed using GPS to conveniently locate the user's vehicle. The IoT cloud-based real-time automotive monitoring system is capable of monitoring our vehicle's metrics such as fuel level, battery level, engine temperature, and speed, as well as tracking the driver's alcohol percentage via an Android application. We receive an alert when one of these metrics crosses a certain threshold. Its Smart RFID digital key secures your vehicle even more than keys do. We may save our vehicle documents, driver's licences, insurance copies, and other documents in this project's Android application. Whenever an accident occurs, send a message to trusted people with the location.</p> M Renu Babu B P. Pramod Reddy B. Manisha M. Anusha S. Vaishnavi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-14 2021-06-14 11 3 102 105 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.17 Comparative Effect of Grinded and Ungrinded Palm Kernel Shell on the Strength of Pavers https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/800 <p>Paving stones are increasing, being used by corporate bodies and individual for its functionalities and aesthetic value, the production of pavers over the years have been specifically carried out using stone dust which is relatively expensive and not readily affordable to the common man. This study was carried out to determine comparative effect of grinded and un-grinded palm kernel shell on the strength of pavers. Stone dust, river sand, grinded palm kernel shell, un-grinded palm kernel shell and cement were combine in different ratio namely,T<sub>1</sub>(4,0,0,0,l), T<sub>2</sub>(0,2,2,0,l), T<sub>3</sub> (1,2,0,1,1), T<sub>4</sub>(1,1,2,0,l), T<sub>5</sub>(1,1,0,2,l), T<sub>6</sub>(0,2,l ,l,1) respectively to form six treatment with two replicates. The pavers were tested for weight and strength properties, T<sub>3</sub> has the highest value of the mean weight while T<sub>1</sub> has the lowest value. T<sub>3 </sub>(stone dust (1),river sand (2), un-grinded palm kernel shell (1) and 25kg of cement (1)), T<sub>1</sub>(stone dust (4) and 25kg of cement (1)).Also, the compressive strength results show that T<sub>3</sub> also has the highest value of 127Mpa(Mega pascal) whileT<sub>6</sub> has the lowest value of 33Mpa (Mega pascal). The data collected was subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine the difference in the strength of the pavers. The analysis of variance shows that there is no significant difference between the compressive strength of the treatments. The colour of the paver shows that the paver produced with river sand and un-grinded palm kernel shell is brighter and stronger than others, it is then recommended that T<sub>3</sub> can be used in the production of pavers because it is strong and can also withstand environmental stress.</p> Aluko, K.A Elesho, R.O Aderemi, A.M. Adedipe, J.O. Adewoye, A.A Ogunwale, O.G. Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 11 3 106 110 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.18 Characterizing Automobile Industrial Wastewater and its Impacts on Surrounding Water Quality https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/824 <p>The wastewater from industries varies so greatly in both flow and pollution strength. So, it is impossible to assign fixed values to their constituents. It is necessary to pretreat the wastes prior to release to the municipal system since lack of adequate treatment of the effluent can cause deterioration of the ecosystem, die off and contamination of the aquatic environment. These adverse effects necessitated the study of wastewater effect on surface water body at Emene Industrial Layout, Enugu State, Nigeria. Wastewater samples were collected, analyzed and compared with the plot of treatment means. The results obtained from the study were compared with WHO and NIS 554 water standards. The wastewater analysis suggested that contaminant at the untreated stage was very high. The results of the treated and river sample were within the WHO and NIS 554 allowable water ranges. Samples at discharge point recorded increased values which suggest high re-contamination along the open channel (from non-point sources) before discharge. This calls for proper monitoring and treatment of the industrial effluent prior to ground water recharge or discharge to surface water.</p> Ugwu Samson Nnaemeka Anyadike Chinenye Ugwuishiwu Boniface Ndulue Emeka Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 11 3 111 115 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.19 Saudi Cement Industry - A Comparative Study of Profitability Position during Economic Slowdown https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/826 <p>Infrastructure is one of the favorite projects of every developed and developing nation. Construction industry occupies a prominent place in the infrastructure development of a country. Cement is one the elementary material components in the construction industry. Saudi Arabia has shown a weaker performance in generation of revenue over a period of five years from 2015 to 2019. In a situation of economic slowdown it becomes a challenge for the business concerns to maintain their profitability. The present study is designed to analyze and compare the profitability position of cement companies in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia during this period. The study belongs to top five cement companies in terms of market value and revenue generation in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To measure the profitability gross profit ratio, operating ratio, operating profit ratio, net profit ratio and return on investment have been used as variables. One way anova has been used to test the hypotheses. The study shows that these companies do not differ significantly from one another in terms of gross profit, operating profit and net profit but they differ significantly when return on investment is compared. Cement companies can increase their profitability by improving the components of those ratios that have been the cause of decline in profitability.</p> Dr. Shahid Husain Dr. Maysoon Khoja Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 11 3 116 123 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.20 Financial Tracker using NLP https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/836 <p>NLP (Natural Language Processing)&nbsp;is a&nbsp;mechanism that helps computers&nbsp;to know&nbsp;natural languages like English. In general, computers can understand data, tables etc. which are well formed. But when it&nbsp;involves&nbsp;natural languages,&nbsp;it's&nbsp;unacceptable&nbsp;for computers&nbsp;to spot&nbsp;them. NLP helps to translate the&nbsp;tongue&nbsp;in such&nbsp;a fashion&nbsp;which will&nbsp;be easily processed by modern computers. Financial Tracker is an approach&nbsp;which will&nbsp;use NLP as a tool&nbsp;and can&nbsp;differentiate the user messages in various categories.&nbsp;the appliance&nbsp;of the approach&nbsp;will be&nbsp;seen at multiple levels. At&nbsp;a personal&nbsp;level,&nbsp;this permits&nbsp;users to&nbsp;filtrate&nbsp;useful financial messages from&nbsp;an large&nbsp;junk of text messages. On&nbsp;the opposite&nbsp;hand, from an industrial point of view,&nbsp;this can be&nbsp;useful in services like online loan disbursal, which are hitting the market&nbsp;nowadays. These services&nbsp;attempt to&nbsp;provide online loans to individuals&nbsp;in an exceedingly&nbsp;faster and quicker manner. But when it&nbsp;involves&nbsp;business view, loan recovery from customers becomes&nbsp;a really&nbsp;important &amp; crucial aspect. As most such services can’t take strict legal actions against the fraud customers, it becomes a requirement that loan should be provided only to those customers who deserve it. At&nbsp;that time, this model can come under&nbsp;the image. As a business&nbsp;we will&nbsp;find the user’s messages from their inbox (after taking permission from the users). These messages&nbsp;are often&nbsp;filtered using NLP&nbsp;which might&nbsp;help to differentiate various&nbsp;types of&nbsp;messages&nbsp;within the&nbsp;user's inbox&nbsp;which might&nbsp;further be used as a&nbsp;content&nbsp;for further prediction and analysis on user’s behaviour in terms&nbsp;of cash&nbsp;related transactions.</p> Kartik Baliyan Shubham Vishnoi Dr. Swati Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 11 3 124 125 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.21 Business Networking and Performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/837 <p>The impact of business networking on the performance of SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria is investigated in this study. The study focuses on the impact of network governance, network content, and network structure on SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria. The study employs a survey design, with a questionnaire serving as the data gathering tool. The study's population consists of 650 licenced SMEs in Benue State, with a sample size of 242 obtained via stratified sampling. The KMO and Bartlett's tests show that variables are highly significant, and principal component analysis was appropriate at 0.631. The reliability test-retest result revealed a reliability index of (0.702). Regression analysis was used to examine and present the data received from the businesses surveyed. Network governance (42.2 percent), network content (30.2 percent), and network structure (46.2 percent) all have a positive and significant effect on the performance of SMEs in Benue State, Nigeria, according to the results of tested hypotheses. According to the study's findings, business networking in a business environment is concerned with characteristics such as network governance, network content, and network structure, which create the foundation upon which SMEs connect with their surroundings. The research also revealed that business networking has a significant impact on SMEs' performance. SMEs working in any business environment should build up a formation structure that allows them to engage freely within the environment, according to the report.</p> Adudu, Chiangi Adudu Indyer, Gideon Terlumun Abdulazeez Olawale Kabiru Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-17 2021-06-17 11 3 126 133 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.22 Power Failure Detection System and Intimation over Internet https://www.ijemr.net/ojs/index.php/ojs/article/view/838 <p>Electricity is a crucial and necessary aspect of modern life. Electricity is used to power appliances, computers, electronics, machinery, and public transportation systems, as well as for lighting, heating, cooling, and refrigeration.</p> <p>When the electricity goes out, understanding what caused it can help you predict when it will be restored. The weather is the primary cause of power outages. Human mistake, equipment failure, and scheduled maintenance could all be factors.</p> <p>As a result, we're using this project to detect power outages and notify users via a connected smartphone notification.</p> V.Saritha A.Ramashankar K.Laxmiprasanna P.Suma S.Gouthami Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Engineering and Management Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-06-19 2021-06-19 11 3 134 140 10.31033/ijemr.11.3.23